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Are You Translating “Someone” and “Anyone” Wrong? | Korean FAQ

I often see the words 누군가 and 아무나 used by beginners to translate "someone" and "anyone." And while these words do mean "someone" and "anyone" respectively, they're often not the correct way to translate them from English and can sound awkward in many situations. In this episode I'll show you how you can use the regular word 사람 (or 분 for honorific speech) to translate "someone" and "anyone" more naturally.

The post Are You Translating “Someone” and “Anyone” Wrong? | Korean FAQ appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.

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Can Koreans pass a DIALECT QUIZ? | Street Interview

I went to Seoul and gave Koreans a dialect quiz. I asked them to recognize a variety of different phrases in dialects from around Korea. In total, I had a list of about 30 different expressions. Some of them were intentionally simple, while others I made as difficult as possible to see what their reactions would be.

Are you able to understand any of these expressions? How do you think you'd do if you were to take this sort of test, but with dialects in your own language of English?

And, would you like to see more street interviews like these? Let me know!

The post Can Koreans pass a DIALECT QUIZ? | Street Interview appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.

Templestay – Naksansa Temple (Yangyang, Gangwon-do)

Naksansa Temple in Yangyang, Gangwon-do.

Introduction to Temple

Naksansa Temple is located in Yangyang, Gangwon-do. The name of the temple is in reference to “Botarakgasan,” which is the mythical mountain, Mt. Potalaka, where Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion) is believed to reside. The temple was first founded in 671 A.D. by Uisang-daesa (625-702 A.D.) upon his return from Tang China (618–690, 705–907 A.D.). Throughout the years, Naksansa Temple has been destroyed by fire numerous times. The temple was first destroyed by the invading Mongols during the 13th century. Throughout the years, Naksansa Temple has been rebuilt and expanded numerous times including during the 15th and 17th centuries. Then in 1953, Naksansa Temple was destroyed during the Korean War (1950-1953). The temple would be rebuilt, once more, only to be destroyed by a wildfire on April 4th, 2005. The wildfire would destroy thirteen of the twenty post-Korean War temple buildings. The fire would also destroy the 15th century temple bell at Naksansa Temple, as well, which was a National Treasure. Since this destruction, Naksansa Temple has been rebuilt.

In total, Naksansa Temple conducts two different Templestay programs. The first is the Dream, Follow the Trail Program, which is a one night two day program that focuses on introspection. And the second program at Naksansa Temple is the Taste of Beautiful Scenery and Temple Dinner, which is an afternoon program focusing on a temple tour and meditation.

For more on Naksansa Temple.

Directions

To get to Naksansa Temple, you’ll first need to get to Yangyang Intercity Bus Terminal. From here, you’ll need to take Bus #9 or Bus #9-1 bound for Naksansa Temple. The bus ride takes about ten to fifteen minutes to get to the famous temple.

Templestay Programs

Naksansa Temple offers two different Templestay programs at their temple. The first, which is entitled Dream, Follow the Trail Program, is a one night two day program. And the second program at Naksansa Temple is the Taste of Beautiful Scenery and Temple Dinner Program, which is a five hour afternoon program. Here are their two schedules:

A: Dream, Follow the Trail Program
TimeTitle
14:00-14:30Arrival/Check-In
14:30-15:30Learn Temple Etiquette
15:30-17:00Temple Tour & Meditation
17:00-18:00Dinner
19:00-19:20Yebul – Evening Service (Voluntary)
21:00-00:00Bedtime
TimeTitle
04:00-04:30Yebul – Morning Service (Voluntary)
06:00-06:30Breakfast
08:30-09:30Making a 108 Prayer Beads Bracelet
11:00-11:30Check-Out
11:30-12:30Lunch & Departure

(This schedule is subject to change)

The facilities at Naksansa Temple. (Picture courtesy of the Templestay website).
And some more pictures of the facilities. (Picture courtesy of the Templestay website).
B: Taste of Beautiful Scenery and Temple Dinner Program
TimeTitle
14:00-14:30Arrival/Check-In
14:30-15:00Learn Temple Etiquette
15:00-17:00Temple Tour & Meditaion
17:00-18:00Dinner
19:00-19:30Evening Service (Voluntary)

(This schedule is subject to change)

Temple Information

Address: 100 Naksansa-ro, Ganghyeon-myeon, Yangyang-gun, Gangwon-do

Tel: +82 33-672-2798

E-mail: [email protected]

Fees

Dream, Follow the Trail Program – adults – 80,000 won; students (up to 18 years of age) – 80,000 won

Taste of Beautiful Scenery and Temple Dinner – adults – 40,000 won; students (up to 18 years of age) – 40,000 won

Links

Reservations for the Dream, Follow the Trail Program

Reservations for the Taste of Beautiful Scenery and Temple Dinner Program

The beauty to be found at Naksansa Temple.

Gulsansa-ji Temple Site – 굴산사지 (Gangneung, Gangwon-do)

The View from the Stupa at Gulsansa Temple Site in Gangneung, Gangwon-do.

Temple Site History

The Gulsansa-ji Temple Site is located in the southern part of Gangneung, Gangwon-do in Haksan Village. The temple site occupies an impressive 66,698 m2 in size spread out over farmland, but the exact boundaries are unknown. Gulsansa Temple was first founded by National Preceptor Beomil-guksa (810-889 A.D.) in 851 A.D. The temple was one of the Nine Mountain Schools of Seon Buddhism.

Here’s a little more about Beomil-guksa. According to a legend, there was a virgin from Haksan Village. One day while drinking water from a bowl, the sun shone down on the bowl. After she drank this water, she became pregnant and eventually delivered a baby boy after fourteen months of pregnancy. But because this woman was a virgin, locals made up rumours about her. Ashamed, the woman’s parents decided to leave the newly born baby under a rock. When they re-visited this rock several days later, they found that the baby was still alive. Not only that, but the baby was in good health and being fed by cranes. Amazed by this, they decided to name the baby Beomil, and they took him home. Seokcheon Spring, which is where Beomil’s mom drank the magical water from and became pregnant, is located in the centre of Haksan Village near the Stupa at Gulsansa Temple Site. And the rock where Beomil was nourished by the cranes is located near the village.

And here’s a little more on the Nine Mountain Schools of Seon and the integral role that Gulsansa Temple played in the dissemination of meditative Buddhism throughout the Korean Peninsula. Gulsansa Temple was home to the Sagulsan sect founded by Beomil-guksa. At the time of the Nine Mountain Schools of Seon, the Sagulsan sect was the most prosperous of the nine. In 831 A.D., Beomil-guksa traveled to Tang China (618–690, 705–907 A.D.), where he received the Mind Seal from the Chan Master Yanguan Qian (750-824 A.D.). Beomil-guksa traveled extensively throughout Tang China to further his Buddhist studies. Eventually, he traveled to Mt. Caoxi, where he intended to pay his respects to Sixth Patriarch Huineng (638-713 A.D.). It was while paying his respects that he received an auspicious sign from a perfumed cloud that was hovering around the shrine that housed Huineng’s remains. Additionally, there were cranes crying above the shrine, as well. Finally, Beomil returned to the Silla Kingdom (57 B.C. – 935 A.D.) in 846 A.D., where he helped expand Gulsansa Temple, which became the base for the Sagulsan sect. In total, Beomil-guksa met three kings, which only helped further the prestige of the temple, as the kings asked him to become the national priest. Those kings were King Gyeongmun of Silla (r. 861-875), King Heongang of Silla (r. 875-886), and King Jeonggang of Silla (r. 886-887). He rebuffed all three to focus on meditation. Beomil-guksa would stay at Gulsansa Temple for the next forty years until his death. He would pass away in 889 A.D.

Gulsansa Temple would flourish thanks to local patronage during the Goryeo Dynasty (918-1392). As to when the temple fell into disrepair, it’s not specifically known. However, because Gulsansa Temple doesn’t appear in any documents after the early Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910), it’s assumed that the temple closed at this time. And to be more specific, it’s been argued by some scholars that Gulsansa Temple was closed around 1530.

During Japanese Colonial Rule (1910-1945), the temple site was known early on. And the Stupa at Gulsansa Temple Site was thoroughly researched. At this time, the stupa was designated as Treasure #127 by the Governor-General of Chōsen in 1934. However, in 1935, the stupa was partially destroyed and the relics inside it were stolen. By 1936, a flood partially damaged the temple site grounds. Later, and in 2002, flooding occurred, once more, on the temple site due to Typhoon Rusa, which led to an emergency excavation of the temple site area. This excavation revealed that from its centre, the temple stretched from 140 metres from east to west and a further 250 metres from north to south. It was also at this time that the main hall site, monks dorms’ site, corridor sites, and a pagoda site were all discovered at the Gulsansa-ji Temple Site.

The Gulsansa-ji Temple Site is home to two Korean Treasures: the Stupa at Gulsansa Temple Site, which is Korean Treasure #85; and the Flagpole Supports at Gulsansa Temple Site, which is Korean Treasure #86. The Gulsansa Temple Site is also a Historic Site. It’s also home to the Stone Seated Buddha at Gulsansa Temple Site, which is a Gangwon-do Cultural Heritage Material #38.

The Stupa at Gulsansa Temple Site from 1919. (Picture courtesy of the National Museum of Korea).
The Flagpole Supports at Gulsansa Temple Site from 1919. (Picture courtesy of the National Museum of Korea).

Temple Site Layout

Starting in the western part of the temple site grounds, which is now divided by the Geumpyeong-ro Road, is the Stupa at Gulsansa Temple Site. This stupa was erected to contain the sari (crystallized remains) of Beomil-guksa. It’s believed that the stupa was first erected some time during the Goryeo Dynasty. The stupa consists of three components: the base, the body (which contained the sari), and the finial with a roof stone. Overall, the stupa is octagonal in shape. The eight-sided base is adorned with various animals and a plate-shaped stone that rests upon it has cloud patterns carved onto it. Above that, and still a part of the base stone, is the top supporting stone that is engraved with lotus flowers in full bloom. Above this, and supporting the body of the stupa, is an eight-sided stone that has eight celestial images playing various instruments. These eight sides are divided by engraved stone pillars, and the musical instruments that the eight Bicheon (Flying Heavenly Deities) play include the janggu (double-headed drum), xun (Chinese globular vessel flute), dongbal (Korean cymbals), bipa (Korean lute), so (flute), saenghwang (reed instrument), gonghu (harp), jeok (large bamboo flute). The main body of the octagonal stupa is made from one core stone and a roof stone. The main body stone is rather small and the roof stone is slanted. The eaves of the roof stone are flat and do not turn upward. Additionally, the finial to the stupa has a large spherical object on top of it that looks like a lotus bud. The Stupa at Gulsansa Temple Site is Korean Treasure #85.

It’s about fifty metres to the east, but before crossing over the Geumpyeong-ro Road, that you’ll find the Seokcheon Spring from the legend surrounding the birth of Beomil-guksa. It’s not much of a spring anymore. It’s largely overgrown, and it doesn’t look as though its been used for years. But it’s there all the same to be explored and appreciated.

Having crossed over the busy road and walking for about 500 metres eastward, you’ll come across the Flagpole Supports at Gulsansa Temple Site, which were built during Unified Silla (668-935 A.D.). These flagpole supports are known as “danggan” in Korean. From these flagpole supports would float a flag (dang) at the entrance of the temple grounds. These flags were typically flown to mark a special occasion like the Buddha’s Birthday. These specific flagpole supports at the Gulsansa-ji Temple Site are the largest historic supports of their kind in Korea. The flagpole supports stand 5.4 metres in height and are separated by 1 metre of space between the two supports. These supports are unadorned and tool marks are visible near the base of the supports. You’ll notice grooves near the top and bottom of the flagpole supports, as well. These were meant to hold the flagpole in place on the supports. While unsophisticated in design, they are immense and grand in size. They are Korean Treasure #86.

Traveling about 150 metres further east, you’ll come to the Stone Seated Buddha at Gulsansa Temple Site, which is Gangwon-do Cultural Heritage Material #38. It’s hard to imagine what this statue must have once looked like because it has been so badly deformed and disfigured by the passage of time. The face and robe are hardly visible. The only things that are visible is the six-sided crown atop the statue’s head, and the mudra (ritualized hand gesture), or “suin” in Korean, that the statue is striking. This mudra helps us identify the statue as Birojana-bul (The Buddha of Cosmic Energy). It’s presumed that this statue was first constructed during the Goryeo Dynasty (918-1392). The statues sits in its own tiny pavilion to protect it from the elements.

How To Get There

From the Gangneung Intercity Bus Terminal, you can catch Bus #101 to get to the Gulsansa-ji Temple Site. The bus ride will last around 30 minutes, or 22 stops. You’ll need to get off at the “Haksan 2-ri Maeul Hoegwan – 학산2리마을회관” stop. And depending on which part of the temple site you want to explore first, you can either head west for about 250 metres to get to the Stupa at Gulsansa Temple Site, or you can head east from the bus stop for about 500 metres to get to the Flagpole Supports at Gulsansa Temple Site.

Overall Rating: 3/10

It’s almost impossible to try to imagine what the Gulsansa-ji Temple Site must have once looked like at its zenith as a temple, but it’s nice to wonder all the same. As for its current state, it’s the beautiful Stupa at Gulsansa Temple Site that’s the main highlight at the temple site. But the entire temple site can and should be appreciated, so make sure you also visit the Flagpole Supports at Gulsansa Temple Site and the Stone Seated Buddha at Gulsansa Temple Site through the labyrinth of back country roads that run alongside the farmers’ fields.

The view of the temple site from the southwest portion of the grounds. (Picture courtesy of the CHA).
The frontal view of the Stupa at Gulsansa Temple Site.
And a look from the side, as well.
A picture of the Seokcheon Spring. (The picture is courtesy of the CHA).
The Flagpole Supports at Gulsansa Temple Site from the north.
And the view from the south.
And the nearly unrecognizable statue of Stone Seated Buddha at Gulsansa Temple Site. (Picture courtesy of the CHA).

Hope and Wish | Live Class Abridged

There are so many ways to express "hope" and "wish," and I put them all together into this past Sunday's live Korean class.

I taught about the forms (으)면 좋겠다, (으)면 좋다, (으)면 하다, 기(를) 바라다 and 빌다, (으)면 싶다, and the verbs 희망(을) 하다 ("to hope") and 소망(을) 하다 ("to wish").

The post Hope and Wish | Live Class Abridged appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.

Korean conversation – Practice through dialogues

In this article, you’ll learn about Korean conversation. So, how much Korean do you think you need to know in order to have a conversation with a native speaker? Perhaps less than you’d think!

Two wommen facing each other, conversing

Whether you are making friends locally with Koreans, intending to live in South Korea, or doing business with Koreans, you may want to know some basic Korean conversation phrases, examples, and starters, even if you’re otherwise not diving into the deep end of learning Korean.

Of course, learning some example conversations is equally useful to anyone who wants to learn Korean. In this case, you’ll likely want to also learn particular grammar concepts and actively expand your vocabulary. But who’s to say you can’t memorize and use a few key phrases even before you’re fluent in Korean?

How do you start a Korean conversation?

“Hello” (안녕하세요 | annyeonghaseyo) in Korean – is always the best place to start from. However, you do want to keep the conversation going on after that, too, right? Then couple your hellos with one or more of these conversation starters to bond with Koreans and other Korean speakers!

Different conversation starters in Korean

If you ever find yourself in social situations with Koreans, the examples of conversations, phrases, and conversation starters below may offer easy access to speaking with native speakers of Korean.

These may be sample dialogues, but they might come in handy in real life! They’ll be useful even if you’re a beginner Korean learner or have different learning motivations. You just need to put some effort into memorizing the phrases, along with the possible responses to them.

#1. “Do you speak English?” in Korean

If your Korean language skills are rather limited, you can say 영어를 할 수 있습니까? (yeongeoreul hal su isseumnikka?). This is a great way to start a conversation. If the conversation partner can speak English, it will be convenient to switch to a language you are more comfortable communicating in.

By asking whether a Korean person can speak English, using a Korean phrase will also give an impression of you as a respectful person and someone who is making an effort, as opposed to simply assuming that communicating in English is the way to go.

However, if you can communicate in Korean to some extent, you may wish to hold off on using this conversation starter. Instead, you can leave it until later in the conversation, when you’ve used up all the Korean you know.

Sample dialogue

A: 죄송하지만, 영어를 할 수 있습니까? (joesonghajiman, yeongeoreul hal su itseumnikka?)

B: 네, 좀 합니다. (ne, jom hamnida.)

A: 다행이에요! 한국어를 못해서 물어보셨어요. (dahaengieyo! hangugeoreul mothaeseo mureobosyeosseoyo.)

B: 걱정마세요. 영어로 이야기를 합시다. (geokjeongmaseyo. yeongeoro iyagireul hapsida.)

English translation

A: I’m sorry, but can you speak English?

B: Yes, I can speak it a little.

A: Thank goodness! I cannot speak Korean, so I asked.

B: Don’t worry, let’s converse in English.

#2. “Do you speak Korean?” in Korean

In contrast, you can also say 한국어를 할 수 있습니까? (hangugeoreul hal su isseumnikka?). Asking someone whether they speak Korean may also be an excellent way to start a Korean conversation.

It may be silly to ask someone you can confirm is Korean, but there are also plenty of foreigners living in South Korea who may not be as confident in communicating in English as you are.

For example, Chinese and Japanese people may have a far easier time picking up the Korean language in comparison to English. Therefore, especially in a language school environment, this may be a perfectly appropriate and timely question to strike up a Korean conversation with.

Sample Dialogue

A: 한국어를 할 수 있습니까? (hangugeoreul hal su isseumnikka?)

B: 네, 한국어를 할 수 있어요. (ne, hangugeoreul hal su isseoyo.)

A: 와, 한국어 정말 잘하시네요! 한국어를 배운지 얼마나 됐어요? (wa, hangugeo jeongmal jalhasineyo! hangugeoreul baeunji eolmana dwaesseoyo?)

B: 거의 1년 됐어요. 당신도 한국어 정말 잘하시네요. (geoui ilnyeon dwaesseoyo. dangsindo hangugeo jeongmal jalhasineyo.)

English Translation

A: Do you speak Korean?

B: Yes, I can speak Korean.

A: Wow, your Korean is so good! How long have you been learning Korean?

B: Almost one year. Your Korean is very good, too.

#3. “What’s your name?” in Korean

You can ask someone’s name in Korean by saying 이름이 뭐세요? (ireumi mwoseyo?). Of course, one of the most basic questions to include in a conversation with someone new to you is to ask what their name is!

Alongside it, it’s also good to introduce yourself. Knowing how to introduce yourself should be the basic point to start language learning. It’s such a useful and respectful thing to learn, even in situations where you may not learn much of the language besides those simple phrases.

Sample Dialogue

A: 안녕하세요! 저는 마이크입니다. 당신의 이름이 뭐세요? (annyeonghaseyo! jeoneun maikeuimnida. dangsinui ireumi mwoseyo?)

B: 저는 김 예연입니다. 만나서 반갑습니다! 한국말 잘 하시네요. 어디서 오셨어요? (jeoneun gim yeyeonimnida. mannaseo bangapseumnida! hangungmal jal hasineyo. eodiseo osyeosseoyo?

A: 저도 만나서 반갑습니다. 저는 캐나다사람입니다. 한국사람이세요? (jeodo mannaseo bangapseumnida. jeoneun kaenadasaramimnida. hanguksaramiseyo?)

B: 네, 맞아요. 좀 더 편하게 이야기할까요? (ne, majayo. jom deo pyeonhage iyagihalkkayo?)

English Translation

A: Hello! I am Mike. What is your name?

B: I am Kim Yeyeon. Nice to meet you! You speak Korean so well. Where are you from?

A: It’s nice to meet you, too. I am Canadian. Are you Korean?

B: Yes, that’s correct. Shall we speak a little more comfortably?

#4. “How are you” in Korean

Next, is by asking how someone is by saying 어떻게 지내세요? (Eotteoke jinaeseyo?). In the most formal and professional situations, you’ll want to opt out of using this question. However, in other cases, most people would be delighted to be presented with this question.

It may not work as a Korean conversation starter per se, but you can usually find space for it, no matter how short or long the conversation is. Of course, you can always strip it down to a more casual 어떻게 지내요? (eotteoke jinaeyo?) if the person is someone you know.

Sample Dialogue

A: 어떻게 지내세요? (Eotteoke jinaeseyo?)

B: 저는 잘 지내요. 당신은요? (jeoneun jal jinaeyo. dangsineunyo?)

A: 저도 괜찮아요. (jeodo gwaenchanayo.)

English Translation

A: How are you?

B: I’m good. How about you?

A: I’m OK, too.

#5. “What do you like to do in your free time?” in Korean

A great way to keep a conversation going is to ask someone about their likes and habits, such as what they like to do when they aren’t busy. You can ask this by saying 자유시간 있을 때 뭘 하는것 좋아하세요? (jayusigan isseul ttae mwol haneungeot joahaseyo?).

It gets the person talking about themselves, something most of us like to do. And it also may prove as an opportunity to bond over mutual interests! However, as there are so many unique responses you could get to this question, you may want to have at least some related Korean words.

Otherwise, you may sadly not understand what you’re being told. But, in case you do know some Korean, it can be one of the most fun Korean conversation starters to lay out on the table.

Sample Dialogue

A: 자유시간 있을 때 뭘 하는것 좋아하세요? (jayusigan isseul ttae mwol haneungeot joahaseyo?)

B: 시간 있으면 요리하는것과 볼링을 치는것을 좋아해요. (sigan isseumyeon yorihaneungeotgwa bollingeul chineungeoseul joahaeyo.)

A: 저도 특히 요리하는것을 좋아해요. 어떤 음식을 재일 잘 만들어요? (jeodo teuki yorihaneungeoseul joahaeyo. eotteon eumsigeul jaeil jal mandeureoyo?)

B: 대부분 파스타를 만들어요. 그쪽은요? (daebubun paseutareul mandeureoyo. geujjogeunyo?)

A: 맛있겠어요! 저는 볶음밥이나 스테이크를 같은것을 잘 만들어요. (masitgesseoyo! jeoneun bokkeumbabina seuteikeureul gateungeoseul jal mandeureoyo.)

English Translation

A: What do you like to do in your free time?

B: If I have time, I like to cook and go bowling.

A: I also especially like to cook. What kind of food do you make the best?

B: I most often make pasta. What about you?

A: Sounds delicious! I make foods like fried rice or steak well.

#6. “What are your plans for the weekend?” in Korean

Another great question that has numerous different response options and can take a Korean conversation to so many different places is to ask about plans. You can ask someone about their weekend plans by saying 주말에 뭐 할 계획이에요? (jumare mwo hal gyehoegieyo?).

However, it doesn’t even have to be for the weekend. It can be for the same evening, an upcoming holiday, or whatever else you deem appropriate. A question like this can both serve as small talk and as an opportunity to make plans together with your conversation partner.

Sample Dialogue

A: 예연 씨, 이번 주말에 뭐 할 계획이에요? (yeyeon ssi, ibeon jumare mwo hal gyehoegieyo?)

B: 아직 계획이 없어요. 마이크 씨는 뭐 할 거에요? (ajik gyehoegi eopseoyo. maikeu ssineun mwo hal geoeyo?)

A: 아쉽네요. 저는 친구들과 콘서트에 갈 거에요. 우리와 함께 같이 갈래요? (aswimneyo. jeoneun chingudeulgwa konseoteue gal geoeyo. uriwa hamkke gachi gallaeyo?)

B: 좋아요! 같이 갑시다! (joayo! gachi gapsida!)

English Translation

A: Yeyeon, what are your plans for the weekend?

B: I don’t have any plans yet. What will you do, Mike?

A: That’s a shame. I’m going to a concert with my friends. Would you like to come with us?

B: I’d love to! Let’s go together!

Wrap Up

Have you tried learning a foreign language like Korean? Have you had a chance to use any of these phrases for basic Korean conversation practice when communicating in Korean? Let us know below in the comments!

You can also use the dialogue above to practice how to write in Hangul. And if you’re yearning to learn more phrases right away, head over to our articles to speak Korean and Korean phrases!

The post Korean conversation – Practice through dialogues appeared first on 90 Day Korean®.

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Who do Koreans Celebrate Christmas with?

Location: 

KOREANS CELEBRATE CHRISTMAS

We are about to begin one of the happiest seasons of the year, celebrated almost worldwide, Christmas also known as Sung Tan Jul, is solely recognized as a national holiday in South Korea in comparison with the rest of Asian countries. It is not as traditional and popular as Seollal or Chuseok, but Koreans will take the day off to unwind with their loved ones, even though not many Koreans are motivated to return home for it.

Photo by Nurulloh A.A on Unsplash

The majority of Koreans see Christmas as a day to celebrate with friends and family rather than as a religious festival, as it is celebrated in Western countries, in which a midnight mass is offered as part of this holiday tradition.

In the West, Christmas in a religious celebration and an opportunity to spend quality time you’re your loved ones, family, and friends, but Christmas in Korea only over 30% of South Koreans are considered to identify as Christians; the rest of the country is said to be agnostic for which Christmas is a holiday that emphasizes romance. Therefore, rather than family activities, Korean Christmas customs focus on activities for couples to enjoy together, you can actually call it a "couple holiday".

For single people, Christmas may be a lonely and hard time, since it is not a holiday to spend with family but more like a valentine’s day, many people decide to celebrate this holiday with relatives or go out with friends to prevent feeling lonely.

A survey conducted by Opensurvey.co.kr in 2017 showed the results of how couples preferred to spend their Christmas, and the results showed that the most voted option by people asked was to have “a cozy date with an intimate atmosphere” with 35.5% voted by women, and 37.8% voted by men, followed by “Regular date”. Below you can see the complete survey and data.

 

Christmas Food

There is no traditional Christmas food in South Korea, but instead, you can find families enjoying Bulgogi, sweet potato noodles, and kimchi rather than a conventional Christmas roast from the West. Another common Christmas treat that is frequently enjoyed by couples is Christmas cake, which is commonly topped with delectable strawberries and freshly whipped cream, but more varieties can be found.

Photo by la-fontaine on Pixabay

Christmas Presents

South Korea will make the most of the festivities in its commercial areas! Shops and sidewalks are completely decked out in glittering lights and holiday decorations, Seoul is magically illuminated at Christmas with magnificent lights. Decorations like this will spark your Christmas spirit. Although it is not a traditional custom in Korea to exchange gifts, you would still have plenty of Christmas displays, festivals, marketplaces, and shopping options.

Around this time of year, K-pop groups release unique Christmas songs, which you will enjoy. These songs' themes will emphasize the romantic side of the holiday rather than Christmas itself, so if you are already a K-pop fan, you will definitely enjoy hearing your favorite idol or band sing these songs.

Chuseok, sometimes known as "Korean Thanksgiving," and Lunar New Year are already two significant family-oriented festivals celebrated in Korea at the same time of year, due to this, unlike in Western countries like the United States and Canada, gift-giving is not a significant component. Instead, Koreans typically give gifts to their significant other, which explains why condoms, attractive underwear, and love hotel reservations are the most popular Christmas presents. So, couples may offer this kind of present or heartfelt gifts to one another, but family members are considerably more likely to receive an envelope of cash.

Activities

Some locations will feel a little bit packed on Christmas day since people tend to gather in places where the “Christmas spirit” is present. One such location is the Lotte World Amusement Park, which hosts unique Christmas-themed events. Myeongdong is also highly crowded since many go there on Christmas Eve or Christmas Day for dates and since Christmas is not a Korean holiday, several of Seoul's more diverse neighborhoods, like Itaewon, are also particularly active around this time.

Regardless of whom we spend X-mas with, Christmas cake is a must-have. it's ranging between ₩30,000~50,000 ($25~40), and most bakeries receive Christmas pre-orders from early December. Some convenience stores offer mini cakes for singletons from ₩6,000 ($5~).

 

Hotels like Lotte or Choseon offer special Christmas cakes, from ₩250,000 ($200~) and it's kinda popular we do "Hocance" (Hotel Vacance), which is when we go and spend time at a hotel, eat Christmas cake, and spend Christmas there.

 

We would love to hear from you on how you celebrate Christmas and with whom you spend it with!

Author: Aldo

 

how to say i love you in korean

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Have you ever been head-over-heels in love or missed your loved ones? Try saying “I love you in Korean to make an impact on your crush.

The Korean phrase 사랑해 (saranghae) is the most common way to say I love you in Korean. But there are other cute ways to say I love you that can be more specific or personal.

We have got you covered with our quick guide on the best ways to say “I love you”, which will melt your beautiful loved one’s heart with examples and exercises.

Let’s get started!

How To Say I Love You In Korean

사랑해요 means “I love you” in Korean. It is polite and respectful to say this to your parents, grandparents, or teachers. 사랑해 is more casual and is used when talking to someone you are close to, like your boyfriend or girlfriend. The formal way to say “I love you” in Korean is 사랑합니다. You would use this when talking to someone older or with a higher status than you, in lyrics, in Korean advertisements, or when bands tell crowds “I love you” at concerts.

 

Here is the common way to say I love you in Korean in formal, casual, and polite ways.

  • The Casual  way – 사랑해(saranghae)
  • The Polite way  – 사랑해요(saranghaeyo)
  • The Formal way– 사랑합니다.(saranghamnida)

What Is Saranghaeyo Korean?

"사랑해요" (sa-rang-hae-yo) is a common way to say "I love you" in Korean. It is used to express romantic love or affection for someone, and can be used in both casual and formal settings.

The word "사랑" (sa-rang) means "love," and the word "해요" (hae-yo) is a polite way of saying "do" or "say" in Korean. So, the phrase "사랑해요" (sa-rang-hae-yo) literally means "I do love" or "I say love."

Here are a few example sentences using "사랑해요" (sa-rang-hae-yo):

  • 저는 너를 사랑해요. (jeo-neun neo-reul sa-rang-hae-yo.) (I love you.)
  • 저의 여자친구는 저를 사랑해요. (jeo-ui yeo-ja-chin-gu-neun jeo-reul sa-rang-hae-yo.) (My girlfriend loves me.)
  • 우리 아들은 우리 엄마를 사랑해요.our son loves our mother."

Saranghae In Korean

The most common way to say “I love you” in Korean is 사랑해 (sa-rang-hae). This is the informal way of saying “I love you” in Korean. This means that you can use this with people close to you and people younger than you. For example, with your girlfriend or boyfriend, with your husband or wife, you can use the informal way to say “I love you” because you are already very close to them. use towards your sweetheart, friends, and people your age or younger.

You can also use this informal way to tell family members, such as brothers, sisters, and parents that you love them.

You could say 나 너 사랑해. (na neo saranghae.)/널 사랑해. (neol saranghae.)

Or you can substitute “you” with the listener’s name and add 아 or 야 after the 

Example

I love you, minji.

민지야, 사랑해. (minjiyah, saranghae.)

Meaning Of Saranghamnida

사랑합니다(saranghamnida) means I love you in Korean. It is the most formal way. You can use this word to address, just those with higher status or those who are older than you. It’s also used when talking to large groups and audiences like bands telling crowds “I love you” at concerts. 

If you want to confess someone just say the sentence 저는 당신을 사랑해요. (jeoneun dangsineul saranghaeyo).

저 (jeo)means r “I”, and 당신(dangsin) is the honorific term for “you”. 

You can just substitute “you” with the listener’s name +  씨 

Example

  • I love you, name. 
  • name+ 씨 사랑해요. (xx ssi saranghaeyo.) 

Or you can also address the person as 오빠 or 누나

  • I love you, oppa
  • 오빠/누나 사랑해요. (oppa/nuna saranghaeyo.)

Other Indirect Ways To Say I Love You In Korean

Besides saying I Love You directly, you can also express your feelings to the other person in indirect ways. 

  • You’re pretty. 예뻐요. (yeppeoyo.)
  • You’re handsome. 잘 생겼어요. (jal saenggyeoseoyo.)
  • Would you go out with me?-저랑 사귈래요? (jeorang sagwilraeyo?) 
  • I want to be with you. 같이 있고 싶어요. (gachi itgo sipeoyo.) 
  • I miss you. 보고 싶어요. (bogo sipeoyo.)
  • You’re beautiful. 아름다워요. (areumdawoyo.)
  • You’re looking good. 멋있어요.

How To Say I Love You Very Much In Korean

If you want to say  I Love You Very Much., simply add the degree modifier 너무(neomu) or 많이 (mani) means very much, a lot before the verb.

Example 

  • I love you a lot.
  • 많이 사랑해요. (mani saranghaeyo.) 
  • I love you very much. 
  • 너무 사랑해요. (neomu saranghaeyo.)

Here’s a list of common words that you’ll hear in Korean dating, from cute words to serious lifelong commitments. This vocabulary will be extremely useful when you’re dating in Korea.

  • Lover- 연인-yeonin
  • romance-연애-yeonae
  • love-사랑-Sarang
  • My love – 내 사랑 (nae sarang)
  • Baby-자기-jagi
  • First love-첫사랑 (cheotsarang).
  • Husband – 남편 (nampyeon)
  • Wife – 아내 (anae)
  • Special someone– 아끼는 사람 (akkineun saram)
  • Honey- 여보-yeobo
  • Love letter-연애 편지-yeon-ae pyeonji
  • relationship-관계 (gwangye).
  • secret crush- 짝사랑-[jjaksarang]
  • Date(romantic)- 데이트 [De-i-t]
  • Romantic- 로맨틱한 (romantikhan) and 낭만적인 (nangmanjeokin)
  • Blind date- 소개팅[Sogaeting]
  • Couple- 커플[keopeul]
  • kiss (quick peck)-뽀뽀 [ppoppo]
  • Kiss-키스[kiseu]
  • Love triangle-삼각관계[samgakkkwangye]
  • flirt-작업[jageop]
  • Drama-드라마[deulama]
  • Heart-마음-[ma-eum]
  • feeling-느낌[neukkim]
  • player-바람둥이 (baramdungi)

남자 친구[ Namjachingu] – “Boyfriend”In Korean

남자 친구 (namjachingu) is the Korean word for "boyfriend." It is made up of the word 남자 (namja), which means "man," and 친구 (chingu), which means "friend." Together, the phrase refers to a romantic and/or sexual relationship between two people, with one person being a man and the other being a woman. In

Korean culture, it is common for people to refer to their romantic partners as 친구 (chingu) rather than using more formal or specific terms like "husband" or "wife."

Butkorean also calls their partner Oppa this can mean “boyfriend” or older brother. But Husband” in Korean is 남편[nampyeon].

여자 친구[Yeojachingu]-Girlfriend” In Korean

여자 친구" (yeo-ja chin-gu) is the Korean phrase for "girlfriend."

The word "여자" (yeo-ja) means "woman" or "female," and the word "친구" (chin-gu) means "friend." Together, "여자 친구" (yeo-ja chin-gu) refers to a female friend who is in a romantic relationship with the speaker.

Here are a few example sentences using "여자 친구" (yeo-ja chin-gu):

  • 저의 여자 친구는 저를 사랑해요. (jeo-ui yeo-ja chin-gu-neun jeo-reul sa-rang-hae-yo.) (My girlfriend loves me.)
  • 저의 여자 친구는 의사예요. (jeo-ui yeo-ja chin-gu-neun ui-sa-ye-yo.) (My girlfriend is a doctor.)
  • 저의 여자 친구와 저는 잘 어울리죠. (jeo-ui yeo-ja chin-gu-wa jeo-neun jal eo-ul-li-jyo.) (My girlfriend and I suit each other well.)

For a woman who’s really just a friend, you might use 여자 사람 친구 (“yeo-ja-sa-ram-chin-gu”), which means “female person friend.”

Cute Korean Phrases To Show Your Love

  • I’ve got a crush on you
  • 너에게 반했어Neo-ege banhaesseo
  • Everything alright?
  • 별일 없지?Byeolil eobji?
  • I think of you as more than a friend
  • 나는 너를 친구 이상으로 생각해- Naneun neoreul chingu isangeuro saengakhae
  • Can I hug you?
  • 안아도 돼?-Anado dwe?
  • You are my ideal type!
  • 너는 내 이상형이야!- noneun nae isanghyongiya
  • Will you marry me?
  • 나랑 결혼할래?- Narang gyeor-hon hallae?
  • I will give you a hug
  • 안아줄게-anajulge
  • Kiss me please
  • 뽀뽀해 줘- ppoppohae jwo
  • I want to be with you
  • 같이 있고 싶어- gachi itgo sipeo
  • Can I Kiss you?
  • 키스해도 돼?- Kiss-haedo dwe?
  • I would like to spend more time with you
  • 너랑 더 오래 같이 있고 싶어- neorang deo orae gachi itgo sipeo
  • Will you be my Valentine(girlfriend or boyfriend)?
  • 나랑 사귈래?- Narang saguillae?
  • Would you like to date? 
  • 사귈래요? (sagwillaeyo)

Conclusion

If you’re just starting your Korean language journey, don’t worry about memorizing all of these different ways to say “I love you.” Just focus on 사랑해 (saranghae) and 사랑해요 (saranghaeyo).

Once you get the hang of those, then you can start experimenting with the other variations. 

here are some useful resources to read more about this topic

https://www.wikihow.com/Say-I-Love-You-in-Korean

https://www.zenrooms.com/blog/romantic-korean-words/

https://quizlet.com/148963951/korean-i-love-you-flash-cards/

Now that you know how to say “I love you” in Korean, it’s time to put your new skills to the test. Why not confess your love for someone special in Korean? 

 

If you do, be sure to let us know how it went in the comments below. 

 

How To Say Father In Korean

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Family relations are an important part of Korean culture. After all, the father is the head of the household traditionally

Wouldn’t learning to address your father in Korean be a sweet gift?

Just like mom, we have many ways to refer to our dad in Korean, and there’s a good reason for that.

Whether you’re using the word “아빠[appa] in Korean” or a more polite term 아버지 [abeoji], knowing how to pronounce dad in Korea and using these words can be a big help.

In this lesson, you’ll learn how to say dad in Korean in informal, polite, and formal situations and all about parents’ day with examples and exercises. 

How To Say Dad In Korean

To say "dad" in Korean, you can use the word "아빠" (ah-ppa). This word is a casual way to address your father, and it is commonly used in everyday conversation.

If you want to be more formal or polite, you can use the word "아버지" (ah-beo-ji). This word is more respectful and is often used when speaking to an older person or someone you don't know well.

In Korean culture, it is customary to address your parents using honorific titles. The honorific title for "dad" is "아버님" (ah-beo-nim). This title is used when speaking to or about your father in a formal or respectful setting, such as at a wedding or in a business setting.

Here’s how to say father or dad in Korean language in informal, polite, and formal situations. 

  • 아빠 [a-ppa] – Informal
  • 아버지 [a-beo-ji] – Polite
  • 아버님 [a-beo-nim] – Formal

 

The Standard “father” in Korean

아버지 [a-beo-ji] is the standard way to say father in Korean.

You can use it in most situations and you will never sound rude. 

Again, if you wanted to say “my dad in Korean" in a polite way, you could use the expression "우리 아버지" literally translated as “our father."

When to use

  • Older/middle-aged generations usually this form while talking with their dad in Korean. But the newer generation doesn’t use this when talking directly to their own parents. 
  • Instead, it’s more common for Koreans to talk to or about someone else’s father in Korean. 

How to use 

Ben’s a wonderful father. 

벤은 정말 좋은 아버지예요.

You’re as tall as your father. 

네 키가 아버지만큼 크구나

 

The meaning of 아빠 appa in Korean

The informal way to say father/dad in Korean language is 아빠 [a-ppa]. You can use it to address your own father in Korean.

If you want to say “My dad in Korean", just say the word "우리 아빠 [u-ri appa]," which means "our dad" where " (uri)” is translated as "our " and appa in Korean means "father."

When to use

You can use this form while talking about your own parents with friends.

How to use 

What does your daddy look like? 

너희 아빤 어떻게 생겼니?

Dad is retired now. 

우리 아빠는 이제 은퇴하셨어요.

Is it OK if I borrow the car, Dad? 

아빠, 저 차 좀 빌려 가도 돼요?

Formal father in Korean

The formal way to say father in Korean is 아버님 [a-beo-nim]. As this is a formal word, you can use it when addressing your father in formal situations or in situations when you just want to sound extra respectful.

When to use

You can use this form when you are meeting a friend's parents for the first time.

If you are Meeting your girlfriend or boyfriend's dad for the first few times, you can use the Korean word for dad “아버님 [a-beo-nim]” to address him with respect. 

How to use 

We’re sorry to hear that your father’s in the hospital again. 

당신 아버님께서 또 입원하셨다니 안됐군요.

Did you hear about Mary’s father? 

메리 아버님 소식 들었어요?

What does your father do? 

아버님은 무슨 일을 하세요?

How do you say "This is my father" in Korean?

To say "This is my father" in Korean, you can use the phrase 이게 제 아빠입니다 (ee-geh jeh ah-ppa-ib-ni-da).

Here is how you can break down the sentence:

이게 (ee-geh) = this

제 (jeh) = my (informal)

아빠 (ah-ppa) = dad

입니다 (ib-ni-da) = is (polite form)

So, the entire sentence can be translated as "This is my dad."

It's also worth noting that you can use the formal term for "father," 아버지 (ah-beo-ji), in place of 아빠 (ah-ppa) if you want to show more respect or formality.

Parent day in Korea

In Korea, Parents' Day is celebrated on May 8th each year. It is a national holiday that is dedicated to honoring and showing appreciation for parents.

On Parents' Day, people usually give gifts and cards to their parents, and may also spend time with them doing activities or having a special meal. Some people also visit their parents' graves to pay respects to their ancestors.

Parents' Day is a relatively new holiday in Korea, as it was first established in 1973. It is meant to recognize the important role that parents play in their children's lives, and to show appreciation for the love and care that parents give to their families.

Conclusion

Great job. You finally know how to say dad in Korean.

If you are ever unsure of how to say father in Korean, then it is best to stick with what you know and use 괜찮아요 (Gwaenchanayo),괜찮아 (Gwaenchana),알았어 (arasseo),네 (ne)

All these words are widely used and accepted in Korea.

Well, it’s time for you to apply it in real life and improve your pronunciation.

So go out and next time you got a chance to say father in Korean, just use any of these as much as you can.

Koreans will understand you even if you got it wrong. 

Looking for more a ultimate guide on how to sat dad in Korean langaue  and when to use them you can check out the original articles on this topic by fluenttongue.

 

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