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Billy Go’s Beginner Korean Course | #100​: Finding Your Way

At some point, if you travel to Korea without a tour group you're likely going to get lost, or you'll need to ask for help finding somewhere. We can ask several things related to this, such as how to say you're confused or that you don't understand, using only what we've learned in this course.

I'll also explain what things you can do after this course is over to continue your language journey.

Remember that this series goes in order, so start from the beginning even if you're not a new beginner. Everything builds on the previous episodes, so if you go in order you'll be able to make it up to here and beyond. This is the final episode (100) of the series.

The post Billy Go’s Beginner Korean Course | #100​: Finding Your Way appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.

 Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean





Cheontaesa Temple – 천태사 (Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do)

The Large Stone Relief Dedicated to Amita-bul (The Buddha of the Western Paradise) at Cheontaesa Temple in Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do.

This posts contains affiliate links. I receive a percentage of sales, if you purchase the item after clicking on an advertising link at no expense to you. This will help keep the website running. Thanks, as always, for your support!

Temple History

Cheontaesa Temple is located in western Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do. The name of the temple comes from the name of the mountain where the temple is located, which is Mt. Cheontaesan (630.9 m). More generally, both the temple and the mountain are named after the Cheontae-jong Order, which is based upon the Tiantai school of Buddhism. This school of Buddhism is also called “The Lotus School” for its focus on the Lotus Sutra teachings.

Tiantai is the name taken from Tiantai Mountain, the mountain where Zhiyi (538-597 A.D.) the fourth patriarch lived. Unlike other earlier schools of Buddhism which had been transplanted forms of Indian Buddhism, Tiantai was entirely Chinese in origin. These transplanted forms of Indian Buddhism had very little modification to their basic doctrines and methodology. It’s through Tiantai that a native form of Chinese Buddhism was established under Zhiyi. Zhiyi developed an original Chinese Buddhism based upon both doctrine and the meditative practice of Buddhism. Tiantai became doctrinally broad. Tiantai relies doctrinally upon a specific interpretation of the Lotus Sutra. The major Tiantai treatises studied specific Zhiyi texts. They are grouped into two major categories: The Three Great Tiantai Treatises and The Five Lesser Tiantai Treatises. In addition to these doctrinal texts, Tiantai teaches that Buddhahood can be attained through observing the mind through meditation. Specifically, the Tiantai form of meditation focuses on Samatha (Tranquility of the Mind) and Vipassana (Insight).

Tiantai, like most other forms of Buddhism, would make its way eastward. Tiantai was introduced to the Korean peninsula a few times earlier, starting in 730 A.D.; however, it isn’t until the 11th century that Tiantai would take root during the Goryeo Dynasty (918-1392) through its re-introduction by the monk Uicheon (1055-1101). Thanks to Uicheon, and probably his royal connection as the fourth son of King Munjong of Goryeo (r. 1046-1083), Cheontae Buddhism became a major influence in Goryeo Buddhism. After returning to the Korean peninsula from Song Dynasty China in 1086, Uicheon attempted to end the conflict between the doctrinal (Gyo) school of Buddhism and meditative (Seon) Buddhism. Uicheon believed that the hybrid of Tiantai Buddhism would help quell the dispute at the heart of the conflict within Goryeo Buddhism at this time. So in 1097 A.D., the Cheontae school of Buddhism was established.

Like Tiantai Buddhism, Cheontae Buddhism holds the Lotus Sutra as the ultimate form of the Buddha’s teachings. Specifically, Cheontae Buddhism focuses on three teachings of the Buddha:

  • 1. All things are empty and without essential reality.
  • 2. All things have an impermanent reality.
  • 3. All things are both absolutely unreal and are impermanently real at the same time.

With this in mind, all experiences in the sensory world are in fact an expression of the Dharma (Buddhist teachings). As a result, they are the key that ultimately leads to enlightenment. This helps explain why Cheontae-jong Order temples in Korea like Guinsa Temple in Danyang, Chungcheongbuk-do and Samgwangsa Temple in Busan-jin, Busan are ornate and extravagant.

But in 1424, the Cheontae school of Buddhism was consolidated into Seon Buddhism as one form of Korean Buddhism during the anti-Buddhism policies of the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910). It isn’t until more recently, in 1967, that the Cheontae-jong Order was re-established under the guidance of the monk Sangwol Wongak (1911-1974). The Cheontae-jong Order is the third largest Buddhist sect in Korea. It has a total of one hundred and forty temples spread throughout the Korean peninsula. And there are some two million followers to this form of Korean Buddhism.

It’s under this backdrop that Cheontaesa Temple in Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do is built and thrives with a handful of shrine halls and outdoor shrines to this day.

Temple Layout

From the road, you’ll pass under the stately Iljumun Gate. For a couple hundred metres, you’ll make your way up to the main temple courtyard. The first thing to greet you, besides the administrative office to your right, is the two-story Cheonwangmun Gate. On the first floor of this two-story entry structure is a narrow passageway that leads you towards the heart of the main temple grounds. On either wall are two of the four Heavenly Kings. And on the second story of the entry structure is the temple’s Jong-ru (Bell Pavilion) with both a Brahma Bell and a Dharma Drum.

Having mounted the stairs that make their way through the Cheonwangmun Gate, you’ll find a shaman shrine hall to your left. This is one of the larger Dokseong-gak Halls that you’ll find in Korea dedicated solely to Dokseong (The Lonely Saint). The exterior walls are largely unadorned all but for the traditional dancheong colours. Stepping inside the Dokseong-gak Hall, you’ll find a large, expressive statue dedicated to The Lonely Saint sitting all by himself on the main altar. There’s a fiery wisdom pearl dangling over his head, descending down from the ornate red canopy (datjib).

A little further, and towards the Daeung-jeon Hall, you’ll find the Nahan-jeon Hall to the right of the Dokseong-gak Hall. Resting on the main altar, in the centre of the triad of statues, is an image of Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha). This triad is joined on the main altar by two rows, one on either side of the main altar triad, eight on each side, of the Nahan (The Historical Disciples of the Buddha). And these are then joined by an expanded five hundred more smaller sized statues of the disciples of the Buddha. Of note, there’s a guardian near the entry of the Nahan-jeon Hall. If you’re not prepared for it, you’ll be surprised by it. Additionally, this guardian holds an ax-like weapon with a unique painting of a dragon head across its blade.

Straight ahead of you is the Daeung-jeon Hall. The exterior walls of the main hall are adorned with a beautiful set of Palsang-do (The Eight Scenes from the Buddha’s Life Murals). Stepping inside the Daeung-jeon Hall, you’ll find the main altar occupied by a triad centred by Seokgamoni-bul. This statue is joined on either side by Munsu-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Wisdom) and Bohyeon-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Power). On the far left wall, there’s a shrine for the dead. Here, you’ll find a painting dedicated to Jijang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Afterlife). To the right of this shrine is a solitary painting dedicated to Bohyeon-bosal, who is riding a white elephant. To the right of the main altar triad, you’ll see a large Shinjung Taenghwa (Guardian Mural). Above the entry to the main hall is a beautiful mural dedicated to Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion). And next to this mural is a mural dedicated to Munsu-bosal. The main hall at Cheontaesa Temple is packed with beautiful murals and iconography.

To the left of the Daeung-jeon Hall, and up a stone stairway, are a pair of outdoor shrines. Back in 2011, when I last visited Cheontaesa Temple, these two shrines were under construction. The first of the two, which is to your right, is a cave with Yaksayeorae-bul (The Medicine Buddha) inside it. And to the left is large statue of Mireuk-bul (The Future Buddha) wearing one of the more unusual headdresses that you’ll find on either a Buddha or Bodhisattva in Korea.

To the right of the Daeung-jeon Hall, you’ll find another outdoor open air shrine. This shrine is dedicated to Yongwang (The Dragon King). The colourful, slender wooden image of Yongwang stands atop a dragon. And this dragon spouts water from his mouth towards the dragons below. To the left of this Yongwang-dang Hall is the Chilseong/Sanshin-gak Hall. The exterior to this shaman shrine hall is plainly adorned with a few floral patterns. Stepping inside this shaman shrine hall, you’ll instantly notice the large sized murals dedicated to both Chilseong (The Seven Stars) to the right and Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit) to the left. And the entire interior of the Chilseong/Sanshin-gak Hall is filled with masterfully executed tiny figurines dedicated to Sanshin.

To the right of the main temple courtyard, across a bridge, and up an embankment, you’ll find fields of stupas (probably of donors). Before entering into this Budowon, you’ll first be greeted by a jovial statue dedicated to Podae-hwasang (The Hempen Bag). Straight ahead of you is a fifteen metre tall relief dedicated to Amita-bul (The Buddha of the Western Paradise). The image of Amita-bul is carved right into the black face of Mt. Cheontaesan. Amita-bul is joined on either side by Daesaeji-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Wisdom and Power for Amita-bul) and Gwanseeum-bosal. The triad rests underneath a large red canopy that reads “Muryangsu-gung” in Korean.

Much like the new additions to the temple to the left of the Daeung-jeon Hall, and up the mountainside, there have been a few new additions to the right of the main hall and surrounding the large relief of Amita-bul. First, there’s an artificial cave with highly ornate statues dedicated to Gwanseeum-bosal inside. The central image of the Bodhisattva of Compassion is surrounded by a few dozen golden hands that are there to support those in need.

And to the left of the massive stone relief at Cheontaesa Temple is another artificial cave. This one is dedicated to Jijang-bosal, and it has hundreds of tiny figurines dedicated to the Bodhisattva of the Afterlife lining the walls and leading up to the central image of a standing statue of Jijang-bosal, as well. Joining this shrine hall to the left is an outdoor shrine with a blue, wooden Dragon Ship of Wisdom. It’s also in this area that you’ll find one of the stranger outdoor shrines that I’ve come across in Korea. There are a couple dozen blunt wooden spears with gold tips sticking out from the wall of the rockface. In the centre is a stone. This shrine is known as Sowon Seokgul, or “The Wish Fulfilling Stone Cave” in English. The backstory behind this unique outdoor shrine is that the head monk at Cheontaesa Temple was praying for one thousand days, when he had a dream about this naturally occurring Buddha which he must have found. The monk would say that whoever has this stone image of the Buddha hanging near them would be protected from accidents, and the stone image would also grant one wish. The name of the Buddha is “Hwanhui Jangmani Bojeok-bul – 환희 장마니 보적불” in Korean. However, it’s unknown as to why it’s designed the way it is.

Finally, and to the rear of the Cheontaesa Temple grounds is the Yongnyeon-pokpo Waterfall. The hike is about fifteen to twenty minutes up the valley floor. The head of the trail lies directly to the rear of the Daeung-jeon Hall. There are very few signs along the way. Also, you’ll have to climb a pretty rough trail of large rocks, so please be careful if you do in fact decide to make your way towards the Yongnyeon-pokpo Waterfall. There are some red spray painted arrows adorning rocks guiding you in the right direction. You can climb all the way up to the head of the falls and look directly down into the gorge below. But again, practice caution at all times. On the right day, you can sit and catch a beautiful breeze from the heights of the Yongnyeon-pokpo Waterfall. The view of the valley below, in combination with the rock walls of Mt. Cheontaesan, is breath-taking. So take your time and enjoy the amazing view.

How To Get There

You can reach Cheontaesa Temple from the Wondong Train Station. By taxi, the ride should take about ten minutes, and it’ll cost you about 9,000 won. You can take a taxi or the bus. If you go by bus, you’ll need to take Bus #137A from the Wondong Train Station. The bus ride will take about twenty to twenty-five minutes, and the bus will let you off right outside the temple grounds.

Overall Rating: 8/10

Cheontaesa Temple is absolutely packed with temple shrine halls and outdoor shrines. As for the outdoor shrines and shrine halls, you’ll find quite a few dedicated to shaman deities like Chilseong (The Seven Stars) and Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit), and Yongwang (The Dragon King), as well as one of the larger shrine halls dedicated to Dokseong (The Lonely Saint) in Korea. In addition, there are several outdoor shrines like the artificial caves dedicated to Gwanseeum-bosal and Yaksayeorae-bul, as well as the extremely uniquely designed Sowon Seokgul with its blunt golden spears jetting outwards. But the two main attractions for most visitors to Cheontaesa Temple is the fifteen metre tall relief dedicated to Amita-bul (The Buddha of the Western Paradise) and the Yongnyeon-pokpo Waterfall to the rear of the Daeung-jeon Hall and up Mt. Cheontaesan.

Springtime at Cheontaesa Temple.
The Iljumun Gate at the entry of the temple.
The two-story Cheonwangmun Gate with the temple’s Jong-ru (Bell Pavilion) on the second floor.
The main altar inside the Dokseong-gak Hall with a look at the Lonely Saint.
The cave shrine hall to the left of the main hall and up a set of stone stairs. Inside is this statue of Yaksayeorae-bul (The Medicine Buddha).
And to the left of the cave shrine is this outdoor shrine dedicated to the uniquely attired Mireuk-bul (The Future Buddha).
A look inside the Daeung-jeon Hall.
The Yongwang (Dragon King) outdoor shrine at Cheontaesa Temple.
The mural dedicated to Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit) inside the Chilseong/Sanshin-gak shaman shrine hall.
A closer look at the amazing fifteen metre tall stone relief dedicated to Amita-bul (The Buddha of the Western Paradise).
The subterranean shrine hall dedicated to Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion) to the right of the massive stone relief dedicated to Amita-bul.
The strange wish fulfilling stone cave shrine, or “Sowon Seokgul” in Korean, to the left of the Amita-bul stone relief. It’s between the stone relief and the neighbouring Myeongbu-jeon Hall.
A look up at the rather dry Yongnyeon-pokpo Waterfall.
And the view from atop the Yongnyeon-pokpo Waterfall.

Billy Go’s Beginner Korean Course | #99: Going Shopping

Let's learn some important phrases you'll want to know when going shopping in Korea.

This course is almost over! Next episode (100) will be the final one. Thank you for your support while I was making this series.

If you're new to this course, please start from the beginning (really). This course goes in order completely from the first episode. So if you follow along from episode 1, you'll be able to understand everything in episode 99.

The post Billy Go’s Beginner Korean Course | #99: Going Shopping appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.

How to study Korean | Live Class Abridged

I've made several videos before about how to study Korean, but now you can find all of them in one place.

In this lesson I outlined steps for how to learn Korean, tips for studying more effectively, how to improve pronunciation and intonation, and even some tips for improving as an intermediate or advanced speaker. The full live stream went almost 2 hours, but you can watch the most important parts here in this abridged video.

The post How to study Korean | Live Class Abridged appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.

Heungguksa Temple – 흥국사 (Yeosu, Jeollanam-do)

A Look Up Towards the Historic Palsang-jeon Hall at Heungguksa Temple in Yeosu, Jeollanam-do.

This posts contains affiliate links. I receive a percentage of sales, if you purchase the item after clicking on an advertising link at no expense to you. This will help keep the website running. Thanks, as always, for your support!

Temple History

Heungguksa Temple, which is located on the northern side of the southern coastal city of Yeosu, Jeollanam-do. The Heungguksa Temple of Yeosu shouldn’t be confused with two other temples of the exact same name found in Goyang, Gyeonggi-do and Namyangju, Gyeonggi-do. The name of Heungguksa Temple in Yeosu, Jeollanam-do means “Flourishing Kingdom Temple” in English. More specifically, it’s located on the eastern slopes of Mt. Yeongchwisan (439 m), or “Vulture Peak Mountain” in English. The temple was first founded in 1196 by the famed monk Jinul (1158-1210), who was also the founding monk of the Jogye-jong Order, which is the largest Buddhist sect in Korea. The temple was first built to fulfill the prophecy of a devout monk. The prophecy stated that if a temple was built at Heungguksa Temple that the nation would flourish. So Heungguksa Temple was built.

Heungguksa Temple was later completely destroyed during the Mongol Invasions of Korea (1231-1259). The temple was later rebuilt in 1530 by the monk Beopsu-daesa. The monks of Heungguksa Temple would distinguish themselves by helping Admiral Yi Sun-sin (1545-1598) repulse the invading Japanese during the Imjin War (1592-1598). The monk Giam-daesa helped lead three hundred monks from Heungguksa Temple in support of Admiral Yi’s defence of the Korean peninsula. However, Heungguksa Temple was partially destroyed in 1592 and then in 1597.

So Heungguksa Temple was rebuilt for a second time in 1642 by the monk Gyeteuk-daesa. It was further expanded in 1690 with the addition of the Palsang-jeon Hall. In total, there are an amazing ten Korean Treasures housed at Heungguksa Temple including the Daeung-jeon Hall and the Rainbow Bridge.

Admission to the temple is 2,000 won.

Temple Layout

You first approach the main temple grounds at Heungguksa Temple past the Iljumun Gate. Just beyond the Iljumun Gate is a cluster of twelve stupas inside a Budowon. One of these stupas contains the earthly remains of Jinul, who is also known as Bojo-guksa, the founding monk of Heungguksa Temple. Also found in this field of stupas is the stupa of Beopsu-daesa, who rebuilt the temple after it had been destroyed by the invading Mongols. A little further along the beautiful path that leads up to the main temple courtyard, and you’ll notice a turtle-based stele that dates back to 1703. The history of the temple’s reconstruction is written on the body of this stele.

Next up is the Cheonwangmun Gate that houses four distinctly designed images of the Four Heavenly Kings. To the left of this entry gate is the temple’s museum which is home to numerous temple artifacts including an 18th century Gwaebul painting dedicated to Rocana-bul (The Perfect Body Buddha). This masterpiece is Korean Treasure #1331. The temple museum is joined in this part of the temple grounds by the weathered Beomjong-gak (Bell Pavilion). The aged Beomjong-gak is home to four equally old-looking Buddhist percussion instruments. Beyond the Cheonwangmun Gate is the Beopwangmun Gate. This rather spacious entry gate was first constructed in 1624, and it’s subsequently been repaired in 1815 and 1962.

Having passed through the Beopwangmun Gate, you’ll now be squarely standing in the main temple courtyard. Straight ahead of you is the Daeung-jeon Hall, which was first constructed in 1624. It’s also Korean Treasure #396. The exterior walls to the main hall, rather uniquely, are adorned with tiger and dragon murals and are void of more traditional murals like the Palsang-do (The Eight Scenes from the Buddha’s Life Murals) and the Shimu-do (The Ox-Herding Murals). Housed inside the Daeung-jeon Hall, you’ll find a triad of statues centred by Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha). This statue is joined on either side by Mireuk-bul (The Future Buddha) and Yeondeung-bul (The Past Buddha). This triad dates back to the 17th century, and it’s Korean Treasure #1550. And carved on the back of Mireuk-bul and Yeondeung-bul is the inscription “Maitreya, Chongzhen Era of Great Ming” and “Dipamkara, Chongzhen Era of Great Ming,” respectively. So the triad dates back to the reign of Chongzhen Emperor (r. 1628-1644) of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). And backing this triad inside the Daeung-jeon Hall is the Hanging Scroll Behind the Buddha in Daeungjeon Hall of Heungguksa Temple, which is Korean Treasure #578. This large altar mural dates back to 1693, and it depicts the The Sermon on Vulture Peak Painting. And rounding out the historic artwork inside the Daeung-jeon Hall is the Mural Painting of (Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva) in the Daeung-jeon Hall of Heungguksa Temple. This painting is located in the back left corner of the main hall. Interestingly, it’s the only historic painting known to have been painted separately on a piece of paper and then applied to the wall behind a main altar. It was first created during the reign of King Sukjong of Joseon (r. 1674-1720), and it’s Korean Treasure #1862.

To the right of the Daeung-jeon Hall is the Musa-jeon Hall. Inside this shrine hall, and resting on the main altar, is a green haired statue dedicated to Jijang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Afterlife). This statue is then joined on both sides by Siwang (The Ten Kings of the Underworld). The statues of Jijang-bosal and the Siwang were first created in 1648 by twelve monk sculptors under the watchful eye of master sculptor Ingyun. Together, they are Korean Treasure #1566.

To the immediate rear of the Daeung-jeon Hall, and still in the lower temple courtyard, is the Buljo-jeon Hall. This shrine hall houses some ancient artifacts from the temple. Unfortunately, this temple shrine hall is locked at all times to visitors.

To the rear of the Daeung-jeon Hall and the Buljo-jeon Hall, and up a set of stairs through an entry gate, you’ll make your way up to the upper courtyard. The first temple shrine hall to greet you is the Palsang-jeon Hall. This hall houses eight replica paintings from the Buddha’s life known as Palsang-do (The Eight Scenes from the Buddha’s Life Murals).

To the left of the Palsang-jeon Hall is the Eungjin-dang Hall. Seated on the main altar is a statue dedicated to Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha). This statue is joined by sixteen statues of the Nahan (The Historical Disciples of the Buddha). Backing these statues are six replica paintings of the historic Nahan murals. Of the sixteen original murals, only six now remain. The originals are now housed inside the temple museum. They were first painted during the reign of King Gyeongjong of Joseon (r. 1720-1724). Formerly, there had been a Vulture Peak mural backing a Seokgamoni-bul statue inside the Eungjin-dang Hall at Heungguksa Temple, but this mural is now missing. The six original murals are Korean Treasure #1333.

The two final temple shrine halls that visitors can explore at Heungguksa Temple lie to the left rear of the temple grounds past the Eungjin-dang Hall. The first is the Wontong-jeon Hall, which houses a multi-armed and headed statue of Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion). Purportedly, the Wontong-jeon Hall dates back to 1633, but it’s obviously had a lot of modern renovations. Just to the left of the Wontong-jeon Hall is an artificial cave that acts as the temple’s Yongwang-dang Hall. Housed inside this artificial cave is a main altar stone relief dedicated to Yongwang (The Dragon King). There is also another stone relief dedicated to Gwanseeum-bosal. Rather interestingly, the temple is void of a Samseong-gak Hall.

How To Get There

From the Yeosu Intercity Bus Terminal, you’ll need to board Bus #52 to get to Heungguksa Temple. The bus leaves every forty minutes from the terminal, and the bus ride should take about an hour to get to Heungguksa Temple.

Overall Rating: 8/10

Heungguksa Temple is beautifully situated on Mt. Yeongchwisan in the picturesque city of Yeosu, Jeollnam-do. Heungguksa Temple is absolutely filled with Korean Treasures. Nowhere is this more apparent than inside the Daeung-jeon Hall. The entry gates to the temple are stunning, as is the artwork that fill the half a dozen temple shrine halls. So take your time, and soak in all that Heungguksa Temple has to offer.

The Budowon at the entry of Heungguksa Temple.
The path leading up to the Cheonwangmun Gate.
A look inside the Cheonwangmun Gate.
The historic Daeung-jeon Hall, which is Korean Treasure #396.
The amazing turtle-based Seokdeung (Stone Lantern) out in front of the Daeung-jeon Hall.
A look inside the Daeung-jeon Hall at the main altar. The main altar statues are Korean Treasure #1550.
Heungguksa Temple on a rainy day.
A look inside the Musa-jeon Hall. The statues of Jijang-bosal and the ten Siwang are Korean Treasure #1566.
A look inside the Eungjin-dang Hall.
And a look inside the Yongwang-dang Hall.
A beautiful rainy day at Heungguksa Temple.

선택하다 vs 고르다 (Sino Korean vs Pure Korean) | Korean FAQ

Here's a quick tip for how to tell the difference between two similar words.

For example, how could you find the difference between 선택하다 and 고르다, or 쓰다 and 이용하다?

Note that this video is not about the differences between these two words, but is instead about how to find the differences between these sorts of similar words and others.

The post 선택하다 vs 고르다 (Sino Korean vs Pure Korean) | Korean FAQ appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.

Billy Go’s Beginner Korean Course | #98: At the Restaurant

Despite being a relatively simple video course (and free), you might be surprised that using only what we've learned so far there's actually a lot of sentences we can make. In this episode we'll learn how to order food at a restaurant, as well as some other useful phrases. Also you'll learn about several of the most important Korean holidays.

There are only 2 more episodes left in this series! Remember that everything goes in order. If you're watching this lesson and wondering how you could make these sentences yourself, start this series from the beginning and you can work your way up to here.

The post Billy Go’s Beginner Korean Course | #98: At the Restaurant appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.

Liquid Arts Empty Venue 3


Empty Venue 3
Watch Online at:

Performances in poetry, music, short film and visual art!


CeCe Kim

Jihyun Yun
Jason Barry
Emily Jungmin Yoon
Michael Frazier

Lizz Kalo w/ Gino Brann
Clint Webster
Horan w/ Dominic Jun
Rachel Szabo
Vasana Haines

Visual Art
Clayton Jones
Julian Stout
Kathleen Hurley Liao
Jarod Timmerman

Abdul Zainidi
Paul Converce
Dominique Postman Postell

Liquid Arts Network Team
Gordon Bazsali Jr.: Visual Arts & Music Coordinator
Gino Brann: Sound
Valerie Mabelle: Videographer & Editor
Jacob Smith: Producer
Kenneth May: Director

Event Photo: Jacob Smith
Intro-Outro Music: Gino Brann
Closing Video: Valerie Mabelle


Additional Sound:
Shah from Underground Tracks


Thanks and Love 

Produced at The Liquid Arts Nertwork Studio

Busan, South Korea
March 2021

The Liquid Arts Network seeks to create a global community for artists. Showcasing everything from poetry, art, film, music and performance, Liquid Arts events are a mosaic of blossoming talent.

How to Say “Grandma” in Korean

In this article, we’ll be discussing how to say grandma in Korean.

Have you already managed to get through and learn all of the family vocabularies? How does your Korean friend refer to their grandma? Would you like to learn how to say “grandma” in Korean with us today? You do? Great, then let’s begin learning!

Old lady holding a book telling stories to a boy and a girl with a phrase How to say Grandma in Korean


“Grandma” in Korean

There are a few ways to say grandma or grandmother in Korean. Most of them are very rare and academic, so you will do fine learning just one word with us today. The most common word you’ll hear for grandma in Korean is 할머니 (halmeoni). This specifically means grandma in English. Thus, you would most often use it to refer to your own grandma.

When you want to be more formal and say grandmother instead of grandma, the correct word to use is 할머님 (halmeonim). Super easy to remember since it only comes with one extra syllable! 님 (nim) in general is a formal attachment to someone’s name. However, in the case of grandmother, it is not that often used, and you will do great with just using 할머니.

You can use 할머니 whether you’re talking about your grandma from your father’s side or your mother’s side. In a technical sense, the word 외할머니 (oehalmeoni) specifically means your grandma from your mother’s side. However, you do not need to worry about using it in everyday situations.

Can't read Korean yet? Click here to learn for free in about 90 minutes!


An old man and old lady taking a selfie with a selfie stick


Sample Sentences


우리 할머니는 시골에서 살고 계셔요. → Our grandma lives in the countryside.

(uri halmeonineun sigoreseo salgo gyesyeoyo.)

할머니, 파이를 조금 더 먹어도 되요? → Grandma, is it okay to have some more pie?

(halmeoni, paireul jogeum deo meogeodo doeyo?)


매주말 할머니 댁에 방문하시로 가. → I go visit my grandma every weekend.

(maejumal halmeoni daege bangmunhasiro ga.)

Congratulations! You know now how to say grandma in Korean, and can even use it as a pet name for your own grandma! How about you tell us something simple about your grandma using your new Korean skills in the comments?

Want more Korean phrases? Go to our Korean Phrases Page for a complete list!

The post How to Say “Grandma” in Korean appeared first on 90 Day Korean®.

Learn to read Korean and be having simple conversations, taking taxis and ordering in Korean within a week with our FREE Hangeul Hacks series:

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