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Considering Laser Vision Correction but not sure where to start?

Let`s learn more together about differences in types of surgeries and factors you need to take into 


Type of refraction error, level of astigmatism, age, patient`s lifestyle, work and hobbies all play quite an important

role in choosing the appropriate type of surgery. Let`s learn a bit more about the process of different surgery types.

LASEK – is a type of surgery when subepithelial ablation is used. After the upper layer of the cornea is removed chemically or with excimer laser. Advantages of LASEK are cornea resistance to external factors, but the disadvantage is a longer recovery compared to the other types of surgeries.

LASIK – is a type of surgery when stromal ablation is used after forming a corneal flap with femto-laser or microkeratome. The main advantage of LASIK type of surgery is relatively fast recovery but cornea week to external impacts may be a disadvantage.

ReLEx SMILE ( SMILE LASIK) – is a type of surgery when intrastromal lenticule extraction is performed. 
SMILE advantages are minimal corneal damage and maximum fast recovery. Price is relatively higher than LASIK or LASEK types, which may be considered a disadvantage.

And now let`s find out what type would be the best for you!

Take a quick QUIZ to get free personalized consultation from BGN Eye Hospital!

BGN Eye Hospital is particularly popular among foreign patients as they provide high quality medical service, English support, and affordable prices with frequent promotions.

To book a LASIK consultation with BGN contact them at their direct line 010-7670-3995,
Kakao talk: eye1004bgnbusan
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Reacting to my OLD Korean speaking videos | feat. Hyunwoo from TTMIK

Hyunwoo (from TTMIK) and I watched some of my old Korean speaking videos together. While many of these I know (such as one of my oldest videos from 2008), many of the others I was watching for the very first time. We critiqued how I sounded, and how I improved (or got worse?) over the years. You can clearly hear differences in how I'm speaking Korean between each year. We analyzed clips from 2008 and 2010, a few years between, and then yearly from 2016 until 2021.

The post Reacting to my OLD Korean speaking videos | feat. Hyunwoo from TTMIK appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.

 Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean





Ukraine: We Won’t Put Up a No-Fly Zone, but We do have Other Options: Sanctions, Weapons/Ammo Assistance, Humanitarian Aid, even Foreign Volunteers

Russia T-80 TanksSorry for not posting for awhile. I have commented heavily on the war on Twitter. Please follow me there. I have also been writing a lot of columns on the war for this week. Go here.

This post is a re-up of something I wrote for 1945 this week. Basically I argue that we should stop focusing on whether or not to establish a non-fly zone (NFZ). We are not going to do that. It is way to dangerous. I know the Ukrainians want an NFZ, and we want to help them, but risks of spiraling, kinetic exchanges between NATO and Russia are just too great.

Enforcing an NFZ would require NATO to shoot down Russian planes and helicopters, or at minimum target air defense on the ground. Russian operators would die. NATO pilots would too as the Russians shot back. Pressure would rise on both sides to respond elsewhere and with greater force. That escalation risk is scary. Both are nuclear-armed with large militaries. That constrains us.

Perhaps if the behavior of Russian forces in Ukraine really becomes terrible and extreme, we will reconsider. But that strikes me as a unlikely at the moment. Putin is a gangster, but he’s not Hitler. He also has a strategic interest in not levelling Ukraine and igniting an insurgency in response to occupier brutality.

I would also point out that NATO publics do not want to risk a war with Russia even if you do.

But we can, and are, sending lots of weapons, ammunition, and humanitarian aid, effectively funding and equipping the Ukrainian war effort as the Ukrainians themselves fight it. Sanctions will push up the price of the war for Russia. Even foreign volunteers are now going there.

Here’s that 1945 essay:

Ukraine’s resistance to Russia is genuinely heroic. People around the world have been moved by the inspiring imagery on social media. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky has become a global celebrity overnight. In this passionate moment, there have been widespread calls for the West to do more.

This is tempting of course. The NATO alliance sits right across the border. Ukraine borders three NATO members. That enormous convoy of Russian armored vehicles north of Kyiv is an attractive target, and Ukraine does not appear to have enough assets to strike it. Zelensky has asked for NATO to impose a no-fly zone over Ukraine. Strategically, this makes sense for the Ukrainians. Russian airpower substantially outguns the Ukrainian side. The incompetence displayed on the Russian side this week will likely slowly give way. The sheer weight of Russian power will likely be brought to bear in the coming month. Ukraine will still probably lose the conflict – even if the likelihood of that is lower than we thought last week.

Read the rest here.

Robert E Kelly
Assistant Professor
Department of Political Science & Diplomacy
Pusan National University




Baegyangsa Temple – 백양사 (Jangseong, Jeollanam-do)

Ssanggye-ru Pavilion at Baegyangsa Temple in Jangseong, Jeollanam-do.

Temple History

Baegyangsa Temple is located in Naejangsan National Park in Jangseong, Jeollanam-do in a valley between Mt. Daegaksan (529.8 m) to the southeast and Mt. Baegamsan (741.2 m) to the northwest. Baegyangsa Temple was first founded in 632 A.D. during the Baekje Kingdom (18 B.C. – 660 A.D.). Originally, when the temple was first constructed, it was called Baegamsa Temple. Later, and during the Goryeo Dynasty (918-1392), the temple changed its name to Jeongtosa Temple in 1034. The name of the temple at this time was in reference to the Pure Land in Buddhism, or “Jeongto” in Korean. The temple would change its name, once more, this time to Gakjinguksa Temple in 1350.

The temple was rebuilt in 1574 and was renamed Baegyangsa Temple. It was rebuilt by the monk Hwanyang at this time. The name of the temple, which means “White Sheep Temple” in English, is in reference to white sheep that would come down from the neighbouring mountains to listen to Buddhist sutra readings. After listening to these teachings, the sheep ascended up to the Pure Land.

Over the years, the temple has been renovated several times like in 1786, 1864, and 1917. And during Japanese Colonization (1910-1945), Baegyangsa Temple was named as one of the district head temples. Currently, it’s the 18th District Head Temple of the Jogye-jong Order, which is the largest sect in Korea. Also, Baegyangsa Temple is one of five monastic training temples for the Jogye-jong Order. These are known as “chongrim” in Korean, and Baegyangsa Temple runs the Gobul Chongrim.

In total, Baegyangsa Temple is home to two Korean Treasures, two Natural Monuments, and a Scenic Site. The two Korean Treasures are the Stupa of Buddhist Monk Soyo at Baegyangsa Temple and the Seated Wooden Amitabha Buddha Statue of Baegyangsa Temple. As for the two Natural Monuments, they are the Forest of Japanese Torreyas at Baegyangsa Temple and the Gobulmae Plum of Baegyangsa Temple. And the Scenic Site is the Baegyangsa Temple and Baekhakbong Peak.

Admission to the temple is 3,000 won for adults, 1,000 for teenagers, and 1,000 won for children.

Also, Baegyangsa Temple participates in the popular Temple Stay program.

Temple Layout

With the temple being located in the southern part of the Naejangsan National Park, you’ll find that the walk up to Baegyangsa Temple is one of the prettiest you’ll find in all of Korea. As you make your way towards the temple grounds, large red maples will lead the way during the fall. Next, you’ll find a pond with the Ssanggye-ru Pavilion backing it. This is a picturesque place to snap a few photos whether it’s in the spring, summer, fall, or winter. The pond is beautifully framed by the towering mountain range behind it and the neighbouring trees that surround it.

Around a bend in the path, and to the left, you’ll cross over a bridge and find the Sacheonwangmun Gate. The outside front wall is adorned with a mural of the temple grounds. And housed inside the Sacheonwangmun Gate are four towering statues dedicated to the Four Heavenly Kings.

After exiting the Sacheonwangmun Gate, you’ll pass by the two-story Jong-gak. This is followed by the Uhwa-ru Pavilion that acts as the main entry gate to the rest of the temple grounds. Immediately to your right, and standing squarely in the centre of the main temple courtyard, you’ll find the Daeung-jeon Hall. The main hall was rebuilt in 1917, and the exterior walls are adorned with Nahan (The Historical Disciples of the Buddha) and various Buddhist motif murals. Behind the Daeung-jeon Hall is a nine-story pagoda. Stepping inside the Daeung-jeon Hall, you’ll find a triad of statues on the main altar. In the centre is Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha), who is joined on either side by Munsu-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Wisdom) and Bohyeon-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Power). To the right of the main altar hangs a beautiful Dokseong (The Lonely Saint) mural. And to the left of the main altar is a shrine dedicated to the Nahan. These statues of the Nahan are backed by the Palsang-do (The Eight Scenes from the Buddha’s Life).

In front of the Daeung-jeon Hall, and to the left, is a two-in-one temple shrine hall. The first shrine hall, and the one placed to the right, is the Chilseong-gak Hall. An image of the Jeseok-bul (King of Heaven Buddha/Indra) sits alone on the main altar. And seven statues of Chilseong (The Seven Stars) join Jeseok-bul on either side and are joined by a golden string that connects all eight images. And the temple shrine hall to the left of the Chilseong-gak Hall, and still in the same building, is the Josa-jeon Hall. Inside this temple shrine hall, you’ll find numerous murals dedicated to prominent monks that once called Baegyangsa Temple home.

Next to the Chilseong-gak/Josa-jeon Hall is the historic Geukrakbo-jeon Hall. This hall dates back to 1574, when it was first built by the monk Hwaneung. Stepping inside this compact shrine hall, you’ll immediately notice the large image of Amita-bul (The Buddha of the Western Paradise) on the main altar. As of June, 2020, the statue was designated as a Korean Treasure. Officially, this statue is known as the Seated Wooden Amitabha Buddha Statue of Baegyangsa Temple. It was first created in 1607 by three monks that included Hyeonjin. It was made for the peace of the deceased royal ancestors of King Seonjo of Joseon (r. 1567-1608). It was made at a time when Buddhist architectural artifacts were being restored immediately after the Imjin War (1592-1598) thanks to the large role that Korean Buddhism played in defending the Korean Peninsula. Interestingly, it’s the largest Buddha statue made before 1610. A letter at the base of the pedestal contains information on when it was first constructed and who created it. The statue was created by using wood that was overlaid with clay to give it a more natural appearance. The face of Amita-bul is plump, and it has imposing shoulders that gives the statue a greater presence. And in 1741 and 1775, a re-application of gold bond powder was applied to the statue twice. Joining this beautiful statue in the Geukrakbo-jeon Hall is a Shinjung Taenghwa (Guardian Mural) to the right and a mural dedicated to Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit) with a white tiger in the back corner of the temple shrine hall.

And the only other temple shrine hall that visitors can explore at Baegyangsa Temple is the Myeongbu-jeon Hall to the left of the Geukrakbo-jeon hall. Housed inside this temple shrine hall is a statue of Jijang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Afterlife) on the main altar.

How To Get There

To get to Baegyangsa Temple, you can catch a bus from the Gwangju Intercity Bus Terminal. Buses to Baegyangsa Temple first leave at 6:35 a.m., and they run until 7:50 p.m. These buses leave at intervals anywhere from 60 to 80 minutes, and the bus ride will take one hour and twenty minutes.

Overall Rating: 7/10

Baegyangsa Temple is surrounded by so much natural beauty, which only adds to the temple’s overall appeal. Adding to the towering craggy peaks and the meandering stream are a handful of Korean Treasures and Natural Monuments. Of particular beauty is the newly minted Seated Wooden Amitabha Buddha Statue of Baegyangsa Temple as a Korean Treasure inside the historic Geukrakbo-jeon Hall. Also of interest is the unique interior of the Chilseong-gak Hall, the Sanshin white tiger mural in the Geukrakbo-jeon Hall, and the picturesque Ssanggye-ru Pavilion. The temple is a peaceful place for reflection.

Another look at the Ssanggye-ru Pavilion at the entry of the temple grounds.
The beautiful surroundings at Baegyangsa Temple.
The Sacheonwangmun Gate.
A look inside the Sacheonwangmun Gate at one of the Four Heavenly Kings.
The Jong-gak (Bell Pavilion) and the Uhwa-ru Pavilion behind it.
The Daeung-jeon Hall.
A look inside the Daeung-jeon Hall.
The nine-story pagoda behind the Daeung-jeon Hall.
The Chilseong-gak Hall (right) and the Josa-jeon Hall (left).
A look inside the Chilseong-gak Hall.
And a look inside the Josa-jeon Hall.
A beautiful butterfly door hinge that’s joined to the Geukrakbo-jeon Hall.
A look inside the Geukrakbo-jeon Hall at the Seated Wooden Amitabha Buddha Statue of Baegyangsa Temple.
And the Sanshin (Mountain Spirit) mural in the back corner of the Geukrakbo-jeon Hall.

~답시고 & ~(이)랍시고 Disappointed Contrast | Live Class Abridged

Almost every Sunday I've been doing a live Korean classroom on my YouTube channel, teaching topics that were voted on by everyone. This last Sunday's topic was decided to be ~답시고 and ~(이)랍시고, which are Advanced level grammar forms used to show contrast, as well as to express sarcasm or disappointment.

The full live stream was nearly 2 hours, but the shortened version here is just over 15 minutes. Note that this is an Advanced level form and requires first understanding quoting forms to use it.

The post ~답시고 & ~(이)랍시고 Disappointed Contrast | Live Class Abridged appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.

의 vs 네 – Two Possessive Markers | Korean FAQ

A common particle is 네 - I'm not talking about "Yes," but the particle 네. This particle is used in a similar way as 의, but has a unique meaning. It's used after nouns to mean that someone or something is a part of a group or organization.

In this video I'll compare it to 의, and show how you can use it in your sentences.

The post 의 vs 네 – Two Possessive Markers | Korean FAQ appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.

Sumisan Sect – Gwangjosa-ji Temple Site (Haeju, Hwanghae-do, North Korea)

A Historic Picture of the Jincheol-daesa Biseok. (Picture Courtesy of Naver).

The Sumisan sect was located at the Gwangjosa-ji Temple Site in Haeju, Hwanghae-do, North Korea. The Sumisan sect was established by the monk Ieom-daesa (866-932 A.D.). Ieom-daesa’s family name was Kim, and he was born in 866 A.D. At the age of twelve, he became a monk at Gapsa Temple in Gongju, Chungcheongnam-do. He would receive his precepts under the monk Deongnyang.

In 894 A.D., Ieom-daesa would travel to Tang China (618–690, 705–907 A.D.) and receive the dharma from Yunju Daoying (830-902 A.D.), who was the head disciple of the monk Dongshan Liangjia (807-869 A.D.). Ieom-daesa would return to Silla in 911 A.D., where he resided at Seunggwangsa Temple in Naju in present-day Jeollanam-do. After receiving a royal decree from King Taejo of Goryeo (r. 918-943 A.D.), Gwangjosa Temple was founded on Mt. Sumisan, where the Sumisan sect would flourish. Ieom-daesa would pass away in 936 A.D. His posthumous name was Jincheol, and he would have a few hundred disciples that would help propagate his Seon teachings. The Sumisan sect was the last of the Nine Mountain Schools to be established. It would remain as an active sect until the start of the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910), when it disappears from the records in 1418. And unfortunately, because it’s located in North Korea, very little, if anything, is known about the Gwangjosa-ji Temple Site.

A historic picture of the five-story stone pagoda at the Gwangjosa-ji Temple Site. (Picture courtesy of Naver).
A contemporary picture of the five-story stone pagoda at the Gwangjosa-ji Temple Site. (Picture courtesy of Naver).

Learn Korean Ep. 124: ~커녕 “Let alone”

Keykat got so many fan letters this past year. It would be rude not to send an autograph in reply, right? But I don't think she has enough time to send that many autographs before the letter carrier comes.

This lesson covers the Advanced Level grammar form (은/는)커녕, along with 기는커녕. This form is used to emphasize that because one thing will probably not happen, something else definitely won’t happen either.

Also make sure to get your free PDF version of this lesson (and every lesson in the "Learn Korean" series) by clicking the download link right below this video~!

Click here to download a free PDF of this lesson!

The post Learn Korean Ep. 124: ~커녕 “Let alone” appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.

Korean quizzes – A fun way to enhance your language skills

Have you tried taking Korean quizzes before? If you have been studying the Korean language for some time now but sometimes feel like you are losing steam, this might be a great way to refuel that passion for learning! They can make studying the Korean language more exciting and surprise you by showing you how much more you thought you already knew.

Why do you need to take a Korean Quiz?

Perhaps you feel like your Korean language skills are simply not progressing. Or maybe you sometimes find studying tedious, especially if you are mainly using one method to learn. This is where Korean quizzes enter into the play.

When you first think of doing any test in the Korean language, you are probably not expecting it to be a lot of fun. After all, we’ve all taken many exams during our school years and often hated each one we took. But these Korean quizzes, tests, and exams are often more helpful to us than they are an inconvenience.

By completing Korean quizzes regularly or occasionally, you enhance your experiences and knowledge of the Korean language. It can make you understand and memorize some concepts and vocabulary better. Thus, answering Korean quizzes may also save you a ton of time and energy as you go through the Korean language in the long run! They can also be quite fun!

What do Korean quizzes measure?

Korean quizzes can be taken simply for fun and games, but frequently, they are also used to aid you as you learn Korean. Through the test results, you can determine the following:

Language proficiency levels

First, Korean quizzes check your overall language level. By completing a quiz or a test, you can determine the level of your Korean language skills at that point in time.

After all, unless you’re a complete beginner to the Korean language, you don’t want to waste time going over topics you already know by heart. At the same time, you also do not want to jump too much ahead in your Korean language learning because you’ll find it too hard then get confused and discouraged.

These Korean quizzes may also work great to show you which basic knowledge in the Korean language you may still need refreshing on. This is why, before entering Korean language schools or even Korean classes in Korea, you often must do a detailed placement test first. It may sound scary and nerve-wracking, but it’s all for your benefit.

Your understanding of the lesson

A quiz at the end of a lesson or a book or even in the middle of the coursework may assess how well you understood the material you just went through. It’s like feedback to help you figure out your strengths and low points simply by checking your score and if the answer you provided is correct.

From this type of quiz, you can figure out if you are ready to move to the next topic or level and show you which parts of the current topic you should still go through again to reach complete comprehension.

Once again, it may sound tedious, but think of it this way: by completing these Korean quizzes, it’s an opportunity to apply what you’ve learned, which is more helpful than passive learning. Even if there were some things in the topic you haven’t fully understood yet, taking this quiz can help you understand it better.

Korean language skills

As mentioned above, these Korean quizzes can also work as means of teaching you some more about the Korean language! May it be simple vocabulary or usual expressions in Korean, you’ll certainly know something. If you’re studying the Korean language through a language app or an online site, it’s easy to get introduced to many mini-quizzes along the way.

Many of these Korean quizzes are multiple-choice, word pairs, or fill-in-the-blanks. While they are not obvious means to teach you anything, they’ll likely teach new phrases and words – possibly even without you noticing! This will especially be the case if you repeat any quiz more than once.

What are the best resources for Korean quizzes?

The Internet is full of great resources to take on Korean quizzes. Simply by using Google, you may come across fun Korean quizzes to take on, but below we’ve added a few resources to get you started quickly.

  • Korean alphabet quiz. This is our very own quiz with which you can master the Korean alphabet once and for all!
  • Korean language quizzes by JetPunk. This site has numerous Korean quizzes for you to take, ranging from quizzes for beginners to some tougher ones that gauge your knowledge of vocabulary, sentences, and comprehension. It’s great to test your Korean language skills, especially in vocabulary for a range of topics.
  • Korean vocabulary quiz by Test Your Language. This site has Korean quizzes and tests for multiple languages, including Korean. This quiz has 60 multiple choice questions, all of which are related to Korean vocabulary. Should be quite the test for your Korean language skills!
  • Korean level test by Language trainers. With each question getting increasingly more difficult, this is an excellent and quick way to test your current Korean language skills and level. It’ll always give you a set of 10 questions to complete, after which you can end the quiz or take on ten more questions, to do.
  • TOPIK. If you truly wish to test your Korean language skills, then this is a great test to take. It’ll test numerous aspects of your Korean skills, including listening and reading and therefore takes a lot of time to prepare for. It’s perhaps more the dreaded type of test to take, but if you wish to study in Korea, for example, it’s also necessary to take.

Now that you’ve been equipped with all of these amazing resources for Korean quizzes, it’s time to get started with quizzing yourself on your Korean language skills! This will be convenient as you practice each Korean word, create a sentence, and expand your language skills and knowledge. So, which among these Korean quizzes will you start with?

The post Korean quizzes – A fun way to enhance your language skills appeared first on 90 Day Korean®.

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