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Yongjangsa-ji Temple Site – 용장사지 (Gyeongju)

The Three-Story Stone Pagoda in Yongjangsagol Valley of Namsan Mountain at the Yongjangsa-ji Temple Site.

Temple Site History

Yongjangsa-ji Temple Site is located up the Yongjanggol Valley in Gyeongju, Gyeongsangbuk-do. The valley, which is named after the former temple, is the longest and deepest of the valleys on Mt. Namsan. The exact date of the temple is unknown. However, and because of archaeological evidence, we know that Yongjangsa Temple must have existed during the early Unified Silla (668-935 A.D.). We also know that it existed until at least the 15th century because it was where the scholar and poet Kim Si-seup (1435-1493) lived and wrote the Geumo Sinhwa, or “The New Stories of the Golden Turtle” in English.

As for Kim Si-seup, he was one of the saengyuksin, who was one of the six people who, after Danjong of Joseon (r. 1452-1455) lost his throne to King Sejo of Joseon (r. 1455-1468), refused government service in protest. Instead of becoming a government official, he became a Buddhist monk at the age of twenty-one. It was during his journeys as a monk, and as recorded in the Donggyeongjapgi, a passage there states, “…a shrine of Maewoldang [Kim Si-seup’s pen name] is located in the eastern hill on the south side of Mt. Geumo [the former name of Mt. Namsan]. That place is the old site of Yongjangsa, and where Kim Si-seup stayed.” It’s believed that Kim Si-seup wrote Geumo Sinhwa at Yongjangsa Temple from 1465-1470, when Kim was between the ages of thirty-one and thirty-six. The Geumo Sinhwa is a collection of five short stories written in Chinese characters. The collection was Korea’s first collection of short stories. The short stories take the form of fantasy about people experiencing supernatural events.

During Japanese Colonial rule (1910-1945), archaeological evidence was discovered on the temple site with the inscription of Yongjangsa Temple on it. This helped to definitively identify the name of the temple. Currently, the clearings where Yongjangsa Temple once stood occupy some seventy metres from east to west and forty metres from north to south.

In total, the Yongjangsa-ji Temple Site is home to three Korean Treasures. These Korean Treasures are the Three-Story Stone Pagoda in Yongjangsagol Valley of Namsan Mountain, which is Korean Treasure #186; the Stone Seated Buddha in Yongjangsagol Valley of Namsan Mountain, which is Korean Treasure #187; and the Rock-Carved Seated Buddha at Yongjangsa Temple Site in Namsan Mountain, which is Korean Treasure #913.

Temple Site Legend

In addition to the historical significance associated with Yongjangsa Temple and Kim Si-seup, the temple was also home to another famous monk. According to the Samguk Yusa, or Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms in English, the monk Taehyeon, who also just so happened to be the founder of the Yuga-jong sect, lived at Yongjangsa Temple. It was his regular practice to walk around a sixteen foot tall stone statue dedicated to Mireuk-bul (The Future Buddha) in the courtyard of the temple. And the statue of Mireuk-bul would always turn its head to face Taehyeon. This is the very same Stone Seated Buddha in Yongjangsagol Valley of Namsan Mountain that still stands on the temple site grounds to this day.

The Samguk Yusa goes on to detail Taehyeon’s study of the Yuga-jong teachings by the monk. It states, “The doctrines of the Yuga-jong [Consciousness-Only sect] were difficult to understand that a famous Tang poet and other Chinese scholars gave up its study, saying that they were unable to follow the labyrinth of its reasoning. But Taehyeon, by his superhuman wisdom and intelligence, easily mastered it, and soon his mind was enlightened concerning its obscurities, enabling him to perceive what was wicked and corrupt in the light of its revelations. For this reason, all his juniors in the East [Korea] followed his teachings and many scholars in the Middle Kingdom [China] took him as a model.”

The Samguk Yusa goes on to say about Taehyeon, but not about Yongjangsa Temple, that “When rain did not fall as usual…King Gyeongdeok summoned Taehyeon to the inner palace to chant the Geumwang-gyeong [Golden Light Sutra] and to pray for rain. As he was chanting the scripture and offering sacrifices to the Buddha one day, he uncovered his wooden bowl so that it could be filled with water for purification. But the King’s servant was late in bringing the water, and a palace official rebuked him. The servant excused himself, saying ‘The palace well is drained to the bottom and I had to go to a spring deep in the mountains.’

“When Taehyeon heard this, he raised the burning censer in his hands, and fresh, cool water leaped from the palace well seventy feet into the sky in a solid jet like the flagpole at a temple, to the amazement of the King and the palace officials. From that time the well was known as Geumwang-jeong [The Well of Golden Light].”

Temple Site Layout

You first make your way to the Yongjangsa-ji Temple Site up the Yongjanggol Valley. The first seven hundred metres of the journey skirt the side of the deep valley. You’ll then cross over a wooden bridge. It’s here that the trail becomes nearly vertical for the next four hundred metres. Eventually, you’ll arrive at the first ridge that houses Yongjangsa-ji Temple Site. To the left, where the trail forks, you’ll find a stone wall where former parts of the temple once stood. Now, however, you’ll find older earthen tombs.

Back at where the trail forks, and now headed towards the right, you’ll find another clearing where Yongjangsa Temple once stood. Here, and looking up, you’ll finally see the Three-Story Stone Pagoda in Yongjangsagol Valley of Namsan Mountain a further thirty metres up the mountainside. It’s also in this area that you’ll see two pieces of a former stone pagoda. You’ll also get a beautiful view down at the valley that you just hiked.

Now climbing a set of stairs, you’ll come face-to-face with the stunning Stone Seated Buddha in Yongjangsagol Valley of Namsan Mountain. This mid-8th century statue believed to be dedicated to Mireuk-bul (The Future Buddha) is missing its head. Uniquely, the statue has a small body when compared to the ringed pedestal that it sits upon. The pedestal almost looks like a three-story pagoda. The top level of the pedestal has lotus relief patterns on it. As for the statue, it resembles that of a monk. The robe covers both the shoulders, and it hangs down to the upper part of the pedestal.

Looking up, and past the stone image of Mireuk-bul, you’ll see the Three-Story Stone Pagoda in Yongjangsagol Valley of Namsan Mountain. But before climbing the stairs that will lead you up to this pagoda, you’ll find the Rock-Carved Seated Buddha at Yongjangsa Temple Site in Namsan Mountain to the rear of the Stone Seated Buddha in Yongjangsagol Valley of Namsan Mountain. This rock carving is an image of a seated Buddha. It appears on the face of a rock cliff. This carving is believed to date back to some time between 977 to 1022 A.D. The Buddha appears with curly hair and a gentle smile. The right hand is placed upon its knee, and its fingertips point down towards the ground. Additionally, there is an inscription of ten Chinese characters that are now illegible. Overall, the stone relief is well-preserved.

Finally mounting the steep, side-winding stairs, you’ll finally arrive at the top of this part of the mountain where the picturesque Three-Story Stone Pagoda in Yongjangsagol Valley of Namsan Mountain stands. The three-story pagoda was first constructed during Unified Silla (668-935 A.D.). The base of the pagoda is two-layered with the lower layer made from natural rock. The four corners of each body-stone turns upwards. Unfortunately, the finial is missing from the top of the pagoda. In 1922, the three-story pagoda was rebuilt; however, the sari reliquary inside has long since gone missing. Rather interestingly, the entire mountain looks as though it supports the entirety of the pagoda, as it looks out towards the western part of Mt. Namsan and the city of Gyeongju.

How To Get There

From the Gyeongju Intercity Bus Terminal, the easiest way to get to Yongjangsa-ji Temple Site is by taxi. When you get into the taxi, you’ll need to ask the driver to take you to “Yongjang Juchajang – 용장주차장” (which is a parking lot for the valley). The taxi ride will take you about ten minutes, and it’ll cost you about 10,000 won (one way). From where the taxi drops you off, you’ll need to walk about nine hundred metres towards Mt. Namsan and the entry of the Yongjanggyegok Valley. Having passed by several stores and houses, you’ll next pass through this part of the Gyeongju National Park system at Mt. Namsan; and more specifically, the Yongjanggol Valley. From the entry of the valley, you’ll need to walk about one kilometre down the long valley. Finally, you’ll find the Seoljang-gyo Bridge to your left. Across this bridge, and up a steep climb, you’ll make your way towards the Yongjangsa-ji Temple Site for an additional four hundred metres.

Overall Rating: 8/10

The views alone from this part of Mt. Namsan make the journey up towards the Yongjangsa-ji Temple Site well worth the trip; but when you add the three Korean Treasures into the mix at the Yongjangsa-ji Temple Site, you’ll have more than enough reason to visit this southern part of Gyeongju. The headless Mireuk-bul statue is stunning. And it’s joined by the picturesque three-story pagoda above it. Added all together, and Yongjangsa Temple, when it still operated, must have been one amazing place to have visited. Even still, as a temple site, it’s still a pretty special place to see.

The trail leading up to the Yongjangsa-ji Temple Site.
The bridge that tells you you’re nearing the vertical climb towards the Yongjangsa-ji Temple Site.
The lower portion of the Yongjangsa-ji Temple Site.
Another lower clearing with two parts of a historic pagoda that once stood at the Yongjangsa-ji Temple Site.
The amazing Stone Seated Buddha in Yongjangsagol Valley of Namsan Mountain.
A fuller look.
One more closer look up at the Stone Seated Buddha in Yongjangsagol Valley of Namsan Mountain.
The Rock-Carved Seated Buddha at Yongjangsa Temple Site in Namsan Mountain.
A closer look at the face of the Buddha.
The serene and picturesque Three-Story Stone Pagoda in Yongjangsagol Valley of Namsan Mountain.
A different angle.
And an up-close with Gyeongju down below.

Other Early Gyo Sects

A Map of the Three Kingdoms of Korea (18 B.C. – 660 A.D.). (Picture Courtesy of Wikipedia).

In addition to the five main Gyo sects that thrived during the Three Kingdoms Period in Korea (18 B.C. – 660 A.D.), there were lesser known Gyo sects that were also established at this time. And while they might have been less popular than the other five major Gyo sects, they survived up until the end of the Goryeo Dynasty (918-1392). These sects are:

1. Chongji-jong (Esoteric Sect)

Jineon, which is also known as Chongji-jong, is a form of Esoteric Buddhism (Vajrayana). The primary text of this sect were the Dharanis. The Dharanis are Buddhist chants, incantations, and/or recitations. And they are Sanskrit or Pali phrases. These phrases can, and were, transliterated into Korean. These phrases are believed to be protective. And they are believed to generate merit for those Buddhist that recited them. Also another name that this sect was known as was the Jinyeom-jong sect.

This sect was first established on the Korean peninsula by the monk Hyetong during the reign of King Munmu of Silla (r. 661-681 A.D.). Rather oddly, Hyetong was influenced to become a monk after witnessing a warning sign from an otter. And later, Hyetong went to Tang China (618–690, 705–907 A.D.), where he searched for the teachings of Śubhakarasiṃha (637-735 A.D.), or Seonmuoe – 선무외 in Korean. Originally, Śubhakarasiṃha said of Hyetong, “How can a person from Silla become an instrument of the dharma?” Afterwards, Hyetong faithfully studied under Śubhakarasiṃha for three years; and yet, his master still refused to give the Korean monk his consent. Angry, Hyetong put a burner on his head and stood in the garden of their temple. Suddenly, Hyetong’s head cracked open with a thundering sound. Śubhakarasiṃha was impressed, so he cured Hyetong with his finger. Hyetong’s wounds healed completely except for a scar that resembled the Chinese character for “king.” Afterwards, Hyetong was known as Wang-hwasang. It was from this point onward that Śubhakarasiṃha started to teach Hyetong all of the secrets and teachings of the sect. Eventually, Hyetong would return to Silla in 665 A.D.

Upon his return to Silla, King Sinmun of Silla (r. 681-692) was suffering from an ulcer on his back. Hyetong was asked to cure this disease. Hyetong then recited a few mantras and cured the king completely. In part, Bongseongsa Temple was created out of appreciation. This sect would grow with the addition of other temples like Chongjisa Temple in Kaeseong. Also, and rather interestingly, there were 8th century scrolls discovered inside Seokgatap Pagoda at Bulguksa Temple that were Dharani texts. These texts are considered the oldest known printed texts in the world.

Seokgatap Pagoda at Bulguksa Temple in Gyeongju from September, 2004.

2. Sinin-jong (Mudra Sect)

The Sinin-jong sect is a translation of the Sanskrit word for mudra. In English, this sect is known as the Mudra sect, which means “Munduru-jong” in Korean. This sect, which studied ritualized hand gestures, which are known as “suin” in Korean, were the very essence of it teachings. It was first started on the Korean peninsula by the monk Myeongnang during Queen Seondeok of Silla’s reign (r. 632-647 A.D.). It was centred around Geumgwangsa Temple.

Additionally, Myeongnang had a hand in protecting Silla from a Tang invasion. Sacheonwangsa Temple in Gyeongju started to be built after King Munmu of Silla (r. 661-681) consulted Myeongnang about what he should do. Myeongnang told King Munmu of Silla to build a temple, which would be Sacheonwangsa Temple, in an attempt to gain favour from the Buddha to protect Silla. With a force of half a million soldiers, Tang approached the Silla Kingdom from the sea. King Munmu of Silla instructed the yet to be completed Sacheonwangsa Temple, as directed by Myeongnang, to be hidden with silk and grass. King Munmu of Silla then invited twelve prominent monks to perform the Mudra Rite of Esoteric Buddhism. This ritualized work, rather amazingly, resulted in a massive storm in the middle of the sea destroying the invading Tang military ships.

From Sacheonwangsa-ji Temple Site in Gyeongju.

Rather interestingly, Myeongnang was a nephew of Jajang-yulsa (590-658 A.D.). Additionally, all three brothers became monks: Gukgyo, Uian, and Myeongnang. Myeongnang went to Tang China in 632 A.D. to study Buddhism. And in 636 A.D., he returned to Silla. After the defeat of the Tang forces, the Sinin-jong sect thrived throughout Silla. Temples dedicated to this sect included Wonwonsa Temple and Dolbaeksa Temple in Gyeongju, and Hyeongseongsa Temple in Kaeseong.

And while Chongji-jong and Sinin-jong were both esoteric in tradition, they developed in Korea as two distinct sects. At the start of the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910), the Chongji-jong sect was absorbed into the Namsan sect, where it was finally joined to the Seon sect. The Sinin sect, on the other hand, was absorbed into the Jungdo-jong sect. Together, they would form the Jungsin-jong sect that was later absorbed into Gyo (the doctrinal sect).

3. Seongsil-jong and Gusa-jong (Lesser Vehicle Sect)

Unfortunately, we don’t know who or when the Lesser Vehicle sect was founded on the Korean peninsula; however, we do know that it exerted some power up until the Goryeo Dynasty (918-1392). This is easily understood from the “Royal Mandate to the Chief Lecturer of the Lesser Vehicle Sect,” or “Dongmun-seon” in Korean, which is divided into two separate schools: the Seongsil-jong sect (Emptiness) and the Gusa-jong sect (Existence). Amazingly, the two sects had two different textual traditions. However, in the royal mandate, they are simply referred, together, as the Lesser Vehicle. As a result, it’s impossible to distinguish one from the other. However, in the opening of the royal mandate, it states, “All dharmas are ultimately empty, only the Mind exists.” From this, we can infer that it’s referring to Seongsil-jong.

However, if we look at another piece of writing; notably, Choe Chiwon‘s “Stone Inscription of National Preceptor Jijeung,” or Jijeung guksa-bi” in Korean, it states, “The Abidalma Daebibasa-ron was the first to be introduced, and the four noble truths were the first to turn the wheel of the dharma. When the doctrine of the Great Vehicle was introduced, the whole country dazzled in the mirror of the one vehicle.” From this, we can understand that the Gusa-jong sect was introduced to the Korean peninsula first.

As for the Seongsil-jong sect, and written in the biography of Wongwang contained in the “Further Lives of Eminent Monks Compiled in Tang,” it states, “After mastering The Treatise that Accomplishes Reality and the Nirvana Sutra, and memorizing them, he was the first to understand The Treatise that Accomplishes Reality…” Wonhyo-daesa also wrote the “Commentary to The Treatise that Accomplishes Reality” in ten rolls. And in the Biographies of Eminent Japanese Monks, it states, “After Bojang of Baekje came to the Eastern Country [Japan], he wrote a commentary to The Treatise that Accomplishes Reality, and as far as lecturing on The Treatise that Accomplishes Reality was concerned, there was nothing that was not based on the scriptures.” This makes it plain that the two schools of the Lesser Vehicle were probably established during both the Silla and Baekje Kingdoms.

4. Cheontae-jong (Tiantai Sect)

Cheontae-jong is known as the “Dharma Flower Sect” in English, or more commonly as Tiantai Buddhism. It was transmitted, at this time, to the Korean peninsula by the monk Hyeongwang, who went to Tang China to study the Lotus Sutra. He learned under the second patriarch Nanyue Huisi (515-577 A.D.), who was the teacher of the Great Master Zhiyi (538-597 A.D.). After learning under Nanyue Huisi, Hyeongwang returned to Silla.

Later, the monk Beopyung learned from the ninth patriarch Jingxi Zhanran (711-782 A.D.), and he transmitted these teachings to his disciple Ieung. And Ieung transmitted these teachings to his disciple Sungyeong.

During the Goryeo Dynasty (918-1392), in an open Buddhist lecture at the newly founded Gukcheongsa Temple, Uicheon (1055-1101) said, “In ancient times the Bodhisattva Wonhyo said that it [Cheontae] was worth praise.” After this speech, Uicheon re-founded Cheontae-jong. And Cheontae-jong and Seon Buddhism, at this time, were called the Two Meditation sects (but more on this later).

Uicheon (1055-1101). (Picture courtesy of Wikipedia)

Biroam Hermitage – 비로암 (Dong-gu, Daegu)

The Three-Story Stone Pagoda at Biroam Hermitage of Donghwasa Temple and the Daejeokgwang-jeon Hall at Biroam Hermitage in Dong-gu, Daegu.

Hermitage History

Biroam Hermitage is located on the famous Donghwasa Temple grounds on Mt. Palgongsan (1193 m) in Dong-gu, Daegu. Biroam Hermitage is the closest of the hermitages directly associated with Donghwasa Temple on the main temple grounds. Biroam Hermitage was first founded in 863 A.D. during Later Silla (668 – 935 A.D.). The Donghwasa Historical Chronicles – 동화사사적기, which is a historical document that describes the history of Donghwasa Temple, has an entry about Biroam Hermitage. Interestingly, the entry describes Biroam Hermitage as Biro-jeon Hall. The Daejeokgwang-jeon Hall, which is the main hall at Biroam Hermitage, is believed to have been built in the late 18th century.

What makes Biroam Hermitage famous, though, are the three historical artifacts on and from the hermitage grounds. One is the Three-Story Stone Pagoda at Biroam Hermitage of Donghwasa Temple, which is Korean Treasure #247; another is the Agalmatolite Reliquary from the Three-Story Stone Pagoda at Biroam Hermitage of Donghwasa Temple, which was contained within the historic Later Silla-era pagoda and is Korean Treasure #741; and the final is the Stone Seated Vairocana Buddha at Biroam Hermitage of Donghwasa Temple, which is Korean Treasure #244.

Hermitage Layout

You first make your way up towards Biroam Hermitage by a paved pathway for about fifty metres. This paved pathway merges with the Donghwasa Temple parking lot, so it’s a really easy hermitage to find.

Biroam Hermitage is a compact place. It’s filled with various buildings, but only the Daejeokgwang-jeon Hall is open to visitors. The main hall is traditionally painted in dancheong colours. As for the interior, and resting on the main altar, you’ll find the Stone Seated Vairocana Buddha at Biroam Hermitage of Donghwasa Temple, which is Korean Treasure #244. This statue of Birojana-bul (The Buddha of Cosmic Energy) dates back to the 9th century. It sits on a pedestal, and it’s surrounded by a full body mandorla. Overall, it’s in good shape. The statue of Birojana-bul has a plump face with small eyes. It also has a small mouth and nose. The shoulders of the statue are rather narrow and the chest is rather flat. These features are typical of a Buddha statue of the mid-9th century. The right hand of the statue is covering the left index finger, which is known as the “Diamond Fist of Wisdom.” It’s a typical mudra, or “suin” in Korean, for Birojana-bul in Korea. The edges of the mandorla that surround the entire body of Birojana-bul has a flame design. At the top of the mandorla, there’s a Buddha triad. Also, there are eight Buddhist images arranged on either side of the mandorla. This image of Birojana-bul at Biroam Hermitage was made to commemorate the reign of King Minae of Silla (r. 838-839 A.D.) during the reign of King Gyeongmun of Silla (r. 861 – 875 A.D.). And fortunately for us, they’ve stripped away the garish white paint that used to adorn the entire statue and returned it to its natural stone surface.

Out in front of the Daejeokgwang-jeon Hall is a newer-looking stone lantern (seokdeung). And it’s in front of this stone lantern that you can see the Three-Story Stone Pagoda at Biroam Hermitage of Donghwasa Temple, which is Korean Treasure #247. The three-story stone pagoda at Biroam Hermitage rests upon a double-tiered stone base that sits upon an earthen platform. As for the body, it’s a rather typical Silla-era three-story stone pagoda with a capstone. The entire structure gradually decreases in size from bottom to top, which creates a sense of balance and stability. And the straight eaves of each story gently curve upwards at the corner. Again, this is a rather typical design of Silla-era pagodas. Of the finial that tops the pagoda, the lowest part remains. In 1966, repair work was done on the pagoda. It was at this time that it was discovered that some of the reliquaries inside the pagoda had been stolen. An inscription was also discovered at this time on the inner surface of a reliquary. This inscription revealed the age of the pagoda, which was 863 A.D. And the pagoda had also been built, like the statue of Birojana-bul inside the Daejeokgwang-jeon Hall, to the memory of King Minae of Silla.

The third, and final Korean Treasure, at Biroam Hermitage is the Agalmatolite Reliquary from the Three-story Stone Pagoda at Biroam Hermitage of Donghwasa Temple. The reliquary, unfortunately, is now housed at the Dongguk University Museum in Jung-gu, Seoul, so you’ll have to make your way up to Seoul, and not Daegu, if you want to see this amazing piece of Buddhist craftsmanship. Also, the reliquary is Korean Treasure #741. The reliquary dates back to Later Silla (668-935 A.D.), and it was discovered in the aforementioned Three-Story Stone Pagoda at Biroam Hermitage of Donghwasa Temple (T #247). Agalmatolite, or pagodite, stone is typically greyish green or greyish yellow in colour. The jar used to store sari (crystallized remains). The jar is 8.3 cm tall, and the upper diameter of the jar is 8.0 cm. The base, on the other hand, is 8.5 cm. At present, the jar is broken into four different sized pieces. And its lid is missing. The damage caused to the jar was most likely caused by grave robbers. The style of the jar was popular during the mid-9th century in the Silla Kingdom (57 B.C. – 935 A.D.). The most unique feature of this jar is that the exterior surface is painted completely in black. The exterior body of the jar is divided into box-like patterns. In total, there are thirty-eight lines of verse that fill these boxes. Each of the thirty-eight lines of verse are composed of seven characters that are directly engraved on the surface of the jar. Specifically, these verses let people know that the reliquary is directly related to the stone pagoda built for King Minae of Silla (r. 838-839 A.D.). Furthermore, the engravings detail the record of the king’s life and the construction date of the pagoda, which is 863 A.D.

Unfortunately, all of the other buildings at Biroam Hermitage are off-limits to visitors. In front of the Daejeokgwang-jeon Hall, and the historic three-story pagoda, are the monks quarters. An to the immediate right of the Daejeokgwang-jeon Hall are the monks facilities like the kitchen.

How To Get There

From the Seobu Intercity Bus Terminal in Daegu, you’ll need to take the subway, line #1, that heads towards Anshim and get off at Ahyanggyo Station. From here, take Express Bus #1. The ride will take about thirty-five minutes, and it brings you right to Donghwasa Temple. Past the main gate, and up the temple road, you’ll get to the temple parking lot. From the temple parking lot, instead of heading straight towards Donghwasa Temple, hang a right towards a paved pathway. There are a couple small signs pointing you towards Biroam Hermitage.

Overall Rating: 4/10

After visiting one of Korea’s major temples in Donghwasa Temple, you’ll naturally be a bit underwhelmed by the compact Biroam Hermitage. However, with that being said, there are a couple reasons that you might want to visit Biroam Hermitage, while you’re in the area. And both of those reasons are Korean Treasures. The first is the amazing Stone Seated Vairocana Buddha at Biroam Hermitage of Donghwasa Temple (T #244), and the other is the Three-Story Stone Pagoda at Biroam Hermitage of Donghwasa Temple (T #247). Both of these amazing stone artifacts date back to 863 A.D., and they give a visitor a glimpse back into Korea’s Buddhist past.

The pathway that leads up to Biroam Hermitage.
The Three-Story Stone Pagoda at Biroam Hermitage of Donghwasa Temple, which is Korean Treasure #247.
The Agalmatolite Reliquary from the Three-Story Stone Pagoda at Biroam Hermitage of Donghwasa Temple, which is now housed at the Dongguk University Museum in Seoul. (Picture courtesy of the Cultural Heritage Administration website).
The Daejeokgwang-jeon Hall at Biroam Hermitage.
The Stone Seated Vairocana Buddha at Biroam Hermitage of Donghwasa Temple, which is Korean Treasure #244.
A cute little stone statue of the Buddha out in front of the main hall.
And the view from the Daejeokgwang-jeon Hall past the stone lantern (seokdeung) and towards the Three-Story Stone Pagoda at Biroam Hermitage of Donghwasa Temple.

Yuga-jong – Consciouness-Only Sect: 육아종

Xuanzang (602-644 A.D.), or Hyeonjang in Korean, the Patriarch of the Consciousness-Only Sect.

There are two primary texts that the Yuga-jong sect follows. They are the Yogacarabhumi-sastra (Treatise on the Stages of the Yoga Masters) and the Vijnaptimatratasiddhi (Treatise on Consciousness Only). This sect is also known as Yusik-jong – 유식종, or the Consciousness-Only sect in English. The reason for this is that in yoga, and in the mind, there are manifestations of various dharmas.

Another name this sect goes by is Beopsang – 법상종, which focuses on the Dharma Laksana. The founder of this sect in China was the Dharma Master Xuanzang (602-644 A.D.), or Hyeonjang in Korean, who started to teach this doctrine at the Cien Temple. That’s why this sect is called the Cien sect.

The word Lakshana is a combination of two Sanskrit words. Those words are lakshaya and kshana. And these words mean “indication” or “symptoms.” The reason that this is important is that the smallest particle of time, or kshana, allows for the entire universe to undergo a change. So each moment, or particle, of time is a product of that change. Importantly, time doesn’t have a separate existence. You can see why this would be important to those focused on mindfulness.

Jinpyo (fl. 8th century) (Picture Courtesy of this Korean Website).

In Korea, the greatest early proponent of these teachings was the monk Jinpyo (fl. 8th century). The Yuga-jong sect reveres Mireuk-bul (The Future Buddha) as their main Buddha of worship. They also respect the Chinese master Xuanzan and Kuiji (632-682 A.D.). Together with the six Korean patriarchs, they form the eight patriarchs of this sect. Rather interestingly, it wasn’t until their deaths that the six Korean patriarchs were celebrated.

So excluding Jinpyo, who are the five other Korean patriarchs? Well, we have some assistance from historical writing like the Epigraph of Royal Preceptor Hyedeok of Geumsansa, (Geumsansa Hyedeok wangsa-bi), when it states, “Master Wonhyo first opened the Way, and Taehyeon followed in his footsteps, the lamp was transmitted ablaze from one generation to the other, it was inherited and flourished.” So with this being said, we can include both Wonhyo and Taehyeon in the group of six Korean patriarchs. Additionally, and found in the Song gaoseng zhuan, it reports about the biography of the Silla monk named Sungyeong, when it states, “He inherited from Xuanzang the transmission of the true Consciousness-only doctrine of syllogisms, and therefore elaborated the theory of determining contradictory and non-deductive statements.” This is furthered by the Shimen Zijing-lu, when it states, “When Sungyeong was in his home country [Silla], he wrote many books, some of which were circulated in China, and the faith they deal with is the teaching of the Faxiang school of the Greater Vehicle.” So from this we can infer that Sungyeong was another of the six Korean patriarchs. Concerning the two final Korean patriarchs, there are no records that can be relied upon. However, it is believed by some that there are three possible candidates for the two remaining spots. These master monks are Woncheuk, Gyeongheung, and Dojeung, who all greatly expanded and expounded the Yuga-jong sect teachings. However, it’s only in Jinpyo that the teachings are transmitted in a direct line; and thus, become a sect from one master to the next.

So who was Jinpyo? Jinpyo was born in Wansan (present-day Jeonju), and was raised in Mangyeong-hyeong (present-day Gimje). At the age of twelve, Jinpyo became a monk at Geumsansa Temple under the monk Sungje. Then, at the age of twenty-seven, he went to Seongye (present-day Buan) to live at a hermitage. There he meditated for some twenty-one days in front of a Mireuk-bul (Future Buddha) statue. At this time, Jinpyo had visions of Mireuk-bul where he preached the precepts to the monk. Jinpyo also received from Mireuk-bul the “Sutra on the Divining the Requital of Good and Evil Actions” in two books and 189 bamboo sticks. Later, Jinpyo went to Geumsansa Temple, where a statue of Mireuk-bul, standing sixteen feet tall, was made from metal. The temple then became the main site for the Yuga-jong sect. Not only that, but the precepts were observed here, as well. Also, at this time, divination ceremonies were held.

Jinpyo had numerous disciples including Yeongsim, who was active on Mt. Songnisan. And Yeongsim’s disciple was the Royal Preceptor Simji, who propagated the Yuga-jong sect at Donghwasa Temple in Daegu. From this point, the Yuga-jong sect prospered.

The Mireuk-jeon Hall at Geumsansa Temple in Gimje, Jeollabuk-do.

How To Say Yes In Korean(Ne Or De)? The Correct Way

Location: 

 

How To Say Yes In Korean(Ne Or De)? The Correct Way

 

The most common way to say yes in Korean is 네(ne). The other formal way is to use the Korean word for yes 예 (Ye). But if you want to say yes in a casual situation, you say the word 응 [eung] or 엉 [ung].

  • 네 [Ne] –Standard Way To Say Yes In Korean
  • 예 [Ye] - Politer/More Formal Way To Say Yes In Korean
  • 응 [Eung]- Informal and Cute Way Of saying Yes In Korean language(Used By Women)
  • 엉 [Ung] - The Korean word for Yes In informal way (Used By Men)

Respect is a big deal in Korean culture.

Basically, there are two levels of politeness in Korean: casual (반말) and polite (존댓말) and each has unique terms for each of them.

No worries. 

We've put together a guide to help you decide when and how to use each one.

Let’s start with….

 

Yes In Korean Formal: How Do You Say Yes In Korean Politely?

There are two ways to say yes in Korean language in formal situations like talking to someone older than you, boss, teachers, seniors, or strangers. One is to use the word  “네 (Ne)” and the other way is 예 (Ye).

The main difference between 네(ne) and 예(de) is that “예(de)” sounds more formal than the other.

Tips box: An interesting tip worth noting is that because 예[ye] was the original word for “yes” in Korean, the older generation tends to use it more. On the other hand, the younger generation tends to use 네[ne]... so it’s good to know both!

 

Let’s see how to use each of them in sentences

 

The Basic Polite Way To Say Yes In Korean: What Is 네 (Ne) In Korean?

 

It's a polite and standard way to say yes in Korean. It can be used in formal situations between strangers or parents, but also between teachers, students, and business partners.

There are so many ways to use 네(ne) in Korean! Here is a list of situations you can use it depending on what you're talking about. 

There's no need to be shy!

When to use

  • You are talking to someone older than you.
  • You are not sure if they are older or younger than you and don't know them , like a stranger.
  • You are talking with seniors, the boss, teachers or business partners.
  • You are talking to a group of people or in a debate (like formal situation) 
  • You are unsure if the situation requires formal or informal Korean.

 

How to use

 

You can bow once a little bit and then say "ne" to express agreement in Korean. The bow is a sign of respect in Korea.

Let’s see some examples …..., shall we?

 

  • Do you like soju?

          소주 좋아해요?soju joahaeyo

  •  Yes
     네- ne 

 

  •  Is this an apple?
     이게 사과예요?- ige sagwaeyo

 

  •  Yes, it is
     네, 사과예요 - ne sagwaeyo

 

Sample Korean conversation

Here is a general conversation between a senior and his junior in a college

Sunbae:  Did you read the magazine?

               그 잡지 읽었어요?- geu japjji ilgossoyo

Hubae:  Yes, I read it last night.

              네. 어젯밤에 읽었어요. - ne ojetppame ilgossoyo

Sunbae:  Did you see our article today?

               오늘 우리 기사 뜬 거 봤어요?- oneul uri gisa tteun go bwassoyo

Hubae:   Yes, but I didn’t know it was so long

               네, 하지만 그렇게 긴 줄 몰랐어요.- ne hajiman geuroke gin jul molrassoyo

 

Sunbae:  Did you understand everything?

               다 알아들으셨나요?

Hubae: yes, roughly

            네, 대충?-daechung

hubae:  I think it will help. Thank you, senior

             도움이 될 것 같은데.진짜 감사합니다, 선배님.- doumi dwel got gateunde.jinjja gamsahamnida sunbaenim

예 (Ye) How To Write Yes In Korean politely?

Just like "ne," "de" is a super formal way to say yes in Korean language.

However, Koreans don't tend to use it as much as "ne" in everyday situations.

When to use

So, when you are talking with older people who you want to be very respectful, like elders(grandma or grandpa) or you are meeting your “in-laws” for the first time, it is wise to use the Korean word for yes “예(de)”.

However, “네(ne)” is the common way of saying yes in Korean. So, when in doubt, just use the word “네(ne)”.

You can’t go wrong.

 

How to use

You can't just say "yes" in Korean. You need to bow your head once and then say "예(de)" for agreement. 

 

Now, let's see an example:

Sample Korean Conversation

Grandma: Minji, are you ok?

민지, 괜찮아?- minji, gwaenchanha?

Minji: yes, grandma

민지: 예, 할머니.- minji: ye halmoni

Grandma: Did you eat?

할머니: 밥 먹었어?- halmeoni: bab meog-eoss-eo?

Minji: yes, grandma

민지: 예, 할머니.- minji: ye halmoni

Pretty easy, isn’t it? 

So, what’s next? 

 

Yes In Korean Informal: How to Say Yes In Korean In Casual Style.

You don't have to worry about being polite with those close to you like when they're your friends, siblings, or anyone younger than you, you can relax and talk freely.

To answer yes in Korean, there are two informal ways to say it. One is 응 (eung) and the other is 어 (eo). The only difference between 어 (eo) and 응 (eung) is that Korean people use the word 응 (eung) more often during a real-life conversation than a phone call.

(응) Eung In Korean: How To Say Yes In Korean In Cute Way

응 is the word for yes in Korean language, which is mostly used by women. The way it's pronounced is a sound, "Eung".

Now, when you want to go ahead and say yes to friends or siblings, it’s really simple: just simply nod and say 응(eung).

How to use

Koreans usually say that when they are told something and they say 응 to confirm that they heard the person. But you can also type it "ㅇㅇ" because it's easier to type on a keyboard.

It is very important!!-If you use this to others you may be seen as an impolite person) And "네" is used to say to a stranger or who is older than you.

Example Conversation

  • Are you busy?
    바빠?-bappa
  • Yes
    응.(eung)

 

Sample Korean Conversation

Su jin: Did you work last night?

           너 어젯밤에 일했어?

Mi rae: Yes, I washed the dishes.

            응, 설거지를 했어 - eung solgojireul haesso

Su jin:  What else did you do?

            또 뭐 했어? - tto mwo haesso

Mi rae:  I listened to the radio for a while

            잠시 라디오를 들었어- jamsi radioreul deurosso

Su jin: I see. I thought you were working.

           그랬구나.나는 일하는 줄 알았어.-geuraetkkuna .naneun ilhaneun jul arasso

Mi rae:  No, I am on leave.

           아니,휴가 중이었다- anihyuga jungiottta

어 (Eo): How To Say Yeah In Korean Language To Friends.

You need to watch out for “어 (eo)”, guys!

Similar to 응 (eung), you can use the word 어 (eo) while you are talking to close friends, siblings and those younger than you. It is similar to “yeah” and “uhuh.

example

  • Sujin: Hello, billy

안녕, 빌리- annyong bilri

  • Billy: Hello sujin

안녕- annyong

  • Sujin: Are you busy tomorrow?

내일 바쁘니?- naeil bappeuni

  • Billy: No

아니

  • Sujin: Do you want to go out for lunch?

점심 먹으러 나갈까?- jomsim mogeuro nagalkka

  • Billy: Yes! Let's go!

어! 가자

 

Example Conversation

  • Billy:   Hello, Min-ho

안녕, 민호야 - annyong minhoya

  • Min-ho:   Hello, billy

안녕, 빌리 - annyeong bilri

  • Billy:   Do you have plans tonight? Let’s go eat Chimaek (치맥)

오늘 약속 있나?치맥 먹으러 가자.oneul yaksok inna?chimaek mogeuro gaja

  • Min-ho: uhuh

어 (eo)

  • Billy:   Let's meet up at Hanchu Chicken.

그러면 한추치킨서 만나자.- geuromyon hanchuchikinso mannaja

  • Min-ho:   Ok. See you then.

그래. 그럼 그때 보자. - geurae geurom geuttae boja

  • Billy:  bye

안녕!- annyong


9 Advanced and Different Ways To Say Yes In Korean Language For Beginners.

 

As I said before ne literally mean yes in Korean language 

Ne is more than just yes in Korea. It can also mean many things

Actually, ne() can also mean “I agree” and also what you said is correct. In fact, it has a lot of meanings like I see, yay, i understand, that’s right. It can also be used as a conversation filler sometimes.

 If you listen to two Korean people talking to each other, you might hear them say  ne quite often if even if not intended to say  yes or agree to what other person is saying

Just like this example

Seo-Jun: You know I bought this dress yesterday

서준: 제가 어제 이 드레스를 산 거 아시죠?- jega oje i deureseureul san go asijyo

Dambi: Yes

담비: 네(ne)

 

Seo-Jun: I really like the color but it’s too expensive

서준: 색깔이 정말 마음에 드는데 너무 비싸네요.- saekkkari jongmal maeume deuneunde nomu bissaneyo

Dambi: Ne. How much is it?

담비: 네, 얼마나요?-Ne, olmanayo

Seo-Jun: 25000000 won ( equal to $2102)

서준: 25만원-isibo manwon

 

Dambi: Yes(what?)

담비: 네(ne)

Seo-Jun: I paid with my credit card.

서준: 신용카드로 결제했어요. -sinyongkadeuro gyoljehaessoyo

Dambi: Yes(i see)

담비: 네 (Ne )

It might cause a problem if you don’t know about it. so we’ll tell you with examples

So here it is

Here is the complete list of  9 Other Meaning of yes in Korean language with translation and examples 

  • Okay in Korean
  • Yes, that’s right in Korean
  • YAY, AWESOME, SWEET(assa)
  • YES, PARDON ME/WHAT DID YOU SAY
  • “yes, I Think So” in Korean
  • Here ne
  • What? really? (ne)

 

So let’s learn with examples

Okay in Korean[네 Or 응]: How to Say It's Ok in Korean

 

OK could be translated into many different meanings in Korean. 네 or 응(Ne or Ung) is the most common way of saying “OK” or “good” to acknowledge and let the other person know that you understand what they said to.

 

Here are the ways you can say ok in Korean

 

OK = 네 or 응 (Ne or Ung: means Yes)

OK = 알았어 (arasseo: means I got it)

OK = 그래 (Grae: means Yes)

OK = ㅇㅋ (Okay: it is slang and abbreviation of OK in a text message.)

OK = 오케이(This is the Korean pronunciation of OK.)

OK? = 알겠어? (algessu?: Do you get it?)

We recommend you to check out our specific lesson on how to say “ok ” in Korean for more information about that word.

 

Example

  • Do you wanna go live on Instagram?

우리 SNS 라이브 할까? - uri esseuenesseu raibeu halkka

  • yes

  • Please wait here for a minute.

여기서 잠깐 기다려 주세요.- yogiso jamkkan gidaryo juseyo

  • Ok

네(ne)

Sample Korean Conversation

  • Let’s go to the movies tonight.

오늘 밤에 영화 보러 가자.-oneul bame yonghwa boro gaja

  • Okay, Let's do that. I don't have a schedule today.

그래, 그러자.나 오늘 스케줄 없어.-geurae geuroja. na oneul seukejul opsso

  • What movie should we see?

무슨 영화를 볼까?-museun yonghwareul bolkka

  • Let’s watch a horror movie? 

우리 공포 영화 보러 가자.-uri gongpo yonghwa boro gaja

  • okay. See you in the evening.

네. 저녁에 보자.-ne. jonyoge boja

  • Bye

안녕-annyeong

네, 맞아요– how to say That’s Right in Korean? 

맞아요 means, “That’s right.” In Korean, it literally translates to “you’re not wrong.” or what you said is correct.

If you are talking to elders, customer, boss or strangers, you can use 마자요.” (ma-ja-yo). 맞아(ma-ja) is the informal

I see, so Korean people often use 맞아요 [ma-ja-yo] after “네 [ne] ”. 네 [ne] is also used for "I see".

Example

A:   isn’t this dress beautiful?

이 드레스 아름답지 않나요?-i deureseu areumdapjji annayo

B:  yes, That’s right

네,맞아요.- ne, majayo

A:   Isn't there 12 fruits in the bag?

봉지에 과일 12개 들어있지 않아?-bongjie gwail sibi gae deuroitjji ana

B:  yes, That’s right

응,맞아.- eung, maja

Sample Korean Conversation

  • Is there any supermarket here?

여기 슈퍼마켓이 있나요?-yogi syupomakesi innayo

  • There’s one besides to that drugstore

저 약국 옆에 하나 더 있어요.-jo yakkkuk yope hana do issoyo

  • Do you mean that blue building ?

저 파란 건물 말씀하시는 건가요?-jo paran gonmul malsseumhasineun gongayo

  • Yes, that’s right

네,맞아요.- ne, majayo

  • Thank you 

감사합니다.-gamsahamnida

YAY, AWESOME, SWEET

You're so happy! You can't wait to say yes. 

 How are you going to let the world know? Say 'yes!'

You can use Korean to show your excitement. Just say "네, Neeee!"

Sample Korean Conversation

  • I'm going to buy some food. Do you want anything?

먹을 것 좀 사 올게요. 뭐 먹을래요?

  • Yes, chicken

네, 치킨- ne chikin

  • I will go buy it

내가 사올게- naega saolge

  • Yay. thanks friend

네. 고마워 친구야 - ne. gomawo chinguya 

 

YES, PARDON ME/WHAT DID YOU SAY

When someone says something to you but you don’t understand or you are not paying too much attention, you can say "ne". It means “What did you say?”, “Pardon me?” or “Sorry, I didn't hear you.

 

Sample Korean conversation

ji-woo :  Hey, do you have an umbrella?

은우:  저기요, 우산 있어요? -  Eunu :  jogiyo usan issoyo

Soo-ah : pardon

수아 : 네 - ne

Jiwoo:  Do you have an umbrella? Umbrella?

지우:  있어요? 우산? -  usan issoyo?usan?

Soo-ah:  yes, I have. you can take this

수아: 네, 있어요. 이거 가져가도 돼요 - sua: ne issoyo. igo gajogado dwaeyo

Jiwoo :  thank you 

감사합니다 - gamsahamnida

Soo-ah:  yes

수아: 네 - ne

  • How to express “yes, I Think So” in Korean?

You can use ‘네?’ to express your opinion when you are unsure of something or agree with the other person. 

Sample Korean Conversation

Do you know the guy over there?

저기 있는 남자 알아요?-jogi inneun namja arayo

yes, I think it's my friend, Ji woo

네, 제 친구 지우인 것 같아요.- ne, je chingu jiuin got gatayo

Here -내(ne) 

Let's say the Teacher is Calling students' names in the class and students are answering “yes, I am here”. Koreans use 내(ne)  to express their presence in such cases. 

Let me explain with an example 

Teacher: Min ji

선생님:민지- sonsaengnim minji

Min-ji:   Yes

민지: 네.- minji ne

Teacher: Soo-ah

선생님: 수아

sonsaengnim sua

Soo-ah:  Yes 

수아: 네.- sua ne

Teacher:  Jiwoo 

선생님: 지우-sonsaengnim jiu

Jiwoo:  Yes

지우:네.

jiune

 

 The surprised yes in Korean : What? (ne)

When does someone say something that is too hard to think that it’s true or it's way too unbelievable then, just like in English we say "what"? Korean use "ne" instead 

Let’s see one example to see what I mean 

 

Mi-soo: I bought earrings yesterday. This one.

미소: 저 어제 귀걸이 샀어요. 이거.

Misu: jo oje gwigori sassoyo. igo.

Sun-Hee: So pretty. Where did you buy it?

선희: 너무 예뻐요. 어디서 샀어요?

sonhi: nomu yeppoyo. odiso sassoyo. 

Mi-soo: At Galleria Department Store. But it’s expensive

미소: 갤러리아 백화점에서요. 하지만 비싸요

Misu: gaelroria baekwajomesoyo. hajiman bissayo.

Sun-Hee: How much?

선희:얼마나요?

sonhi: olmanayo

Mi-soo: 10000000 won (note: equals to $844)

미소: 100만원 -Misu: baek manwon

Sun-Hee: What?

선희:네. 

Sonhi: (Ne)

Mi-soo: I paid with my mother's credit card. I think I'm in trouble.

미소: 나는 엄마 카드로 결제했어요. 나 큰일 난 것 같아.

Misu: naneun omma kadeuro gyoljehaessoyo na keunil nan got gata.

Sun-Hee: For sure. 

선희: 물론

sonhi: mulron.

 

“I want something” in Korean | Korean FAQ

"Billy, how do I say I want something in Korean?" I often get asked how to say I want something in Korean, and it's not as easy as just replying with the verb "가지고 싶다." There's more you should know about this question. And since it's such a common question, I wanted to discuss not only one way, but several common ways you can use to say this.

The post “I want something” in Korean | Korean FAQ appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.

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Korean Short Story – Learn the language through fun narratives

Are you currently studying Korean and also love to read? Then a Korean short story can be perfect for you! Of course, you may not immediately be reading an entire novel in Korean. However, you can enjoy numerous Korean stories while your Korean reading comprehension skills soar.

This can be one of the most fun and fastest ways to learn Korean – not to mention one of the most valuable methods to do so. So, how do you then get started finding these short stories in the Korean language that is a perfect fit for you? If you keep reading, we’ll let you know!

Korean Short Story

Why should you read short stories in Korean?

There are various reasons why you should add some short stories in Korean into your life.

They are easy to understand

They usually have a plot that’s easier to follow in comparison to a full-fledged novel. Their vocab may be easier to comprehend since many stories are directed towards a young audience. With the help of these stories, you can better understand Korean grammar and the general way of writing. Plus, you’ll get more accustomed to Korean idioms and whatnot!

They are fun to read

Additionally, studying Korean through something imaginative and creative, rather than a traditional school book, is a lot more fun. And on the side, it may easily help you build your creativity in Korean and enhance how you learn by letting you not overthink about it.

You’ll know more about Korea

Not to mention, reading these stories is also its gateway to knowing more about Korean culture – both traditional and modern – and naturally, getting a deeper understanding of the way a Korean person thinks, speaks, and behaves. So, if Korean culture interests you, reading these stories in Korean seems like a must!

How to learn Korean by reading Korean short stories and fairy tales?

Now that you know why you should read these stories, here are some ways to do it.

Choose stories that you know about

If possible, start by reading short stories that you are already familiar with. It is more understandable even if your understanding of Korean isn’t perfect when you already know the characters and what it is about. That way, you can focus on picking up specific vocabulary and grammar structures.

You also will not be met immediately with frustration over understanding the narrative itself and having to stop translating every sentence. You can indeed find some world-famous stories translated into Korean by searching online!

Take notes

Whether the stories you are reading are familiar or new, take some notes. Create a list of Korean words, grammar, phrases, and sentences. These are all incredibly beneficial to write down, even if it may seem like a tedious task. But it will help you remember them better, and not forget them quickly, and you’ll thank yourself for it later.

Once you’ve gone over and translated all that you’ve written down, and spent a little bit of time memorizing them, try reading through the story again. During this review, see how much you understood without the dictionary. It’ll also help you a great deal with your Korean studies if you can officially include reading stories into your Korean routine.

Take it slow

Lastly, although they are called short stories, there is no need to read the whole story in one sitting if it feels too overwhelming, especially for beginners. It is totally fine to read just a little bit each time!

Even if you just read once a week, you’ll have done an excellent reading practice and created huge progress as you learned a lot of new useful and interesting words.

Korean Short Story

Short Story Resources

Reading is the best way to learn languages for some. Here are some links to useful books, sites, and apps with short stories to help you with your Korean studies.

Short Stories in Korean for Intermediate Learners. This resource was put together with Korean learners specifically in mind. It will even develop a word list to speed up your searching up unfamiliar and difficult vocabulary.

Story Korean. On this free website, you can find stories in Korean for both beginner-level and intermediate learners. These stories also come up with a word list and even cultural notes. There are only a few stories on this website, but all of them are popular stories that all Korean children have heard many times as bedtime stories or otherwise.

Beelinguapp. This is a website and application with which you can be studying Korean through reading different texts and stories. It has a couple of cool functions, such as suggesting to you which words you should pay particular attention to and listening to audio as you read the texts in Korean through videos. Whether you’re learning English, Korean, Spanish, or other languages, you can find them here.

Naver Manhwa. Reading Korean webcomics can also be seen as a type of short story. The free Naver website has a huge collection that they post for you to read. As it’s a Korean website for Koreans, it may be a little tougher to navigate, but once you find some cool manhwas to read, you’ll start having a blast.

Korean Comics. This is more of a blog-like website that you can use to read Korean short stories and learn new words and speaking patterns.

You can also refer to our article on Korean children’s books to find something to read. While children’s books and fairy tales are not the same as short stories, it’s an excellent resource to learn the Korean language. After all, even Korean children learn to read Korean by reading these books. You can also access a course on Korean stories by signing up for our 90 Day Korean membership.

Now you know what benefits can come from reading Korean stories and some awesome sites to get started reading them! Have you ever read Korean short stories before? And what kind of stories do you typically like to read? Let us know in the comments!

The post Korean Short Story – Learn the language through fun narratives appeared first on 90 Day Korean®.

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Eating three of Korea's most famous cup ramen | Go Billy 먹방

Originally I traveled to meet my friend Eui-ju (의주) in order to try out some of the spiciest cup ramen in Korean. But at the store, we made a discovery - Spaghetti Ramen. What is Spaghetti Ramen? How could it actually taste like Spaghetti? It sounded disgusting, and delicious. Well Eui-ju said it was her favorite, so now I had to try it. Quick change of plans! Let's try three popular cup ramen, including Spaghetti Ramen, and talk about how they taste. One of them was such a disappointment, we actually brought in a fourth cup ramen to save the day.

The kinds we tried were 스파게띠 (“Spaghetti”), 열, and 짜파구리. The fourth (spicy) one was 틈새라면.

The post Eating three of Korea's most famous cup ramen | Go Billy 먹방 appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.

~내다 "Completing" | Live Class Abridged

The ~내다 form is an intermediate level grammar form that's attached to the end of verbs to mean that something is completed. Specifically, it means that someone completed something by their own effort, and after going through some difficulty.

Last Sunday (1-9-2022) I taught a full classroom about this form live on my YouTube channel. Here's the shortened version of that lesson, at just 10 minutes.

The post ~내다 "Completing" | Live Class Abridged appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.

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