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How To Say ‘Tree’ In Korean

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It’s a nice day outside, so you decide to go out for a walk in the forest. You look around and see trees to your left, trees to your right, trees behind you and trees in front of you. Having recently been caught up in studying Korean, your mind immediately begins to ask you how to say ‘tree’ in Korean. Perhaps you already know it? If not, then this is the lesson to read!


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‘Tree’ in Korean

Palm trees

The most common and simplest way for how to say ‘tree’ in Korean is 나무 (namu). Especially if you are only talking about one tree in question, 나무 is the word to use. However, sometimes when you are talking about a group of trees, you may also want to refer to them as 수목 (sumok). For example, if you are talking about the trees in a forest.

Occasionally, you can also refer to ‘wood’ as 나무 (namu). For example, if you want to express that something was made of wood, this is the word you will use. You can also refer to firewood with this word.


Related Vocabulary

오크나무 (okheunamu) – Oak tree

나무 상자 (namu sangja) – A wooden box

나무 그늘 (namu geuneul) – The shade of a tree

수목으로 덮인 (sumogeuro deophin) – tree-covered


A word of caution about Romanization

While it is possible for you to study the words in this article simply by reading their romanized versions, it will come in handy for you to be able to read Hangeul if you ever wish to come to Korea. Hangeul is the Korean alphabet, and not difficult to learn. In fact, you can learn it in just 90 minutes.

After you’ve familiarized yourself with Hangeul, life in Korea will suddenly seem so much easier and the country won’t appear so foreign for you. So, if you’re serious about learning Korean, why not learn Hangeul today?


Sample Sentences


우리 가족은 오늘 새로운 나무를 심을거에요. (uri gajokeun oneul saeroun namureul shimeulgeoeyo.)

Our family will plant a new tree today.


그 나무를 최근에 자르게 되었어요. (geu namureul cwhoegeune jareuge doeeosseoyo.)

That tree got cut recently.


우리는 나무를 사이로 난 길을 따라갔어요.(urineun namureul sairo nan gireul ddaragasseoyo.)

We followed a path between the trees.  


우리 집에서 있는 가구들이 거의 다 나무로 만들어졌네요. (uri jibeseo inneun gagudeuri geoi da namuro mandeureojyeonneyo.)

Almost all the furniture in our home are made of wood.


이 나무는 오랜 많은 것을 견뎌냈어요. (i namuneun oraen manheun geoseul gyeondyeonaesseoyo.)

This tree has survived a lot for many years.


공원에는 수목이 울창했어요. (gongwhoneneun sumoki ulchanghaesseoyo.)

There were densely packed trees in the park.



그 나무 밑에서 잠깐 쇠자. (geu namu mitheseo jamggan swija.)

Let’s take a short rest under that tree.


Next time you’re out for a walk with your Korean friend, how about trying to describe the nature around you to your friend? You can totally do that now and your friend will be so impressed!


*Want more Korean phrases? Go to our Korean Phrases Page for a complete list!


Photo Credit: BigStockPhoto


The post How To Say ‘Tree’ In Korean appeared first on 90 Day Korean®.

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Cancel the Trump-Kim Summit – because you don’t really think Trump is up to this, do you?

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This is a local re-post of something I wrote for The National Interest earlier this month. This essay expands on what I have been saying on Twitter for last two weeks since Trump – or rather foreign envoys speaking on behalf


 of the US president (WTH?!) – agreed to the summit. Namely, that Donald Trump is woefully, obviously, embarrassingly unqualified to go head-to-head with Kim Jong Un in a serious bargaining environment

Normally it would not make much difference that Trump himself is clueless about Korea, because staff work would comprise most of the summit effort. But with only 8 weeks before the summit, much of the burden of negotiating falls on Trump himself. And since it is a summit, presumably the the really big issues between the US and NK are on the tables – nukes, a peace treaty, recognition, etc. Does anyone really believe a reality TV star who doesn’t read, watches five hours of TV a day, and relies more on family and friends than technical staff is qualified to negotiate these sorts of questions in just 8 weeks? Wake up, everybody.

To be sure, the summit will likely just be a bust, with Trump skylarking about how he’d like to build a Trump Tower in Pyongyang as Kim gives a long-winded speech about US ‘war crimes.’ But it might also go badly wrong as Trump veers wildly off-course and trades away US forces here for some weak-tea de-nuclearization deal the Norks will cheat on. Honestly, I am amazed the South Korea government thought it a good idea to put Trump – the guy who just 3 weeks ago gave this insane speech – in a room with Kim. What is going on?

The full essay follows the jump.



The last week has been yet another head-spinner in the Trump administration’s interaction with North Korea. Six months ago US President Donald Trump threatened to ‘totally destroy North Korea.’ Then suddenly he agreed to a summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un just forty-five minutes after the idea was first pitched to him by South Korean envoys. Everyone has whiplash, which is almost never good for policy.

All week on cable news and Twitter the Korea analyst community has prevaricated over this, as it seems far too fast and too unlikely. My own sense is broadly the same: This is moving so quickly, that the possibility of the summit stalemating or falling into an acrimonious back-and-forth between Trump and Kim is much higher than normal. Traditionally summits occur at the end of years of diplomacy and staff work in which the devils in the details are hammered out. The heads of state show up at the conclusion to nail down a few particulars, lend their prestige to the proceedings, and finalize the deal.

By contrast Trump is suggesting to meet Kim in just nine weeks. That is simply not enough time, especially if a grand bargain on peninsular affairs is really in cards. Previous efforts on North Korea’s nuclear weapons – the Agreed Framework and the Six Party Talks – took years of effort and still fell through. (For an account of how difficult the Six Party Talks were, try this.) If the summit really does happen by the end of May, the two sides will simply not have had enough time to close much of the enormous strategic and ideological divide between the US and North Korea. That will leave much that Trump himself must do, personally, in the room with Kim. To put it gently, it is huge question whether Trump is really up to this.

Trump defenders are already suggesting he has the chops for this, because he is a great negotiator practicing the ‘art of the deal.’ But we need to be more candid here; the stakes are far too high to indulge Trump’s reality TV persona. Much in Trump’s character suggests he is not, in fact, ready for this. He does not read, including the presidential daily brief if rumor is true. He almost certainly knows very little about Korea. He watches enormous amounts of television. His grip on policy detail is notoriously thin and error-prone. He lies regularly. He is moody, erratic, unpredictable, and impulsive. He dislikes professional and technical staff and has an obvious preference for amateur friends and family. He is absorbed with his vendettas, feuds, scandal, and so on. His attention span is short, and he is prone to wander wildly off-script. He is given to rage, profanity, and insult when challenged.

Kim, by contrast, will almost certainly be a tough customer. No one could survive the brutal backrooms of Pyongyang politics without being a skilled bureaucratic knife-fighter. Kim is, to the surprise of many who suspected a young man with no time in the party or army would not last, overcame his inauspicious beginnings. He has culled the army brass, assassinated his brother-in-law, rapidly finished the North’s nuclear and missile programs, and gotten the moribund economy growing again – all while sanctions have piled up. Trump has never dealt with anyone or thing like this, and his usual negotiating tactics of bluster, threats, lawsuits, insults, and so on will not work. If this is to succeed, Trump will really have to buckle down and prepare. That is, to be generous, highly unlikely.

As a result, there is a not insignificant possibility that Trump will be outplayed by someone who knows the issues far better than he, or that the event will descend into a shouting match as two characters unaccustomed to being challenged tear into each other, as they did last year in the media (‘rocket man’ vs the ‘dotard’). If I had to guess, this outcome is unlikely, but it is still far more likely than in a normal summit preceded by proper staff work involving a president intellectually committed to the process. Most likely, the summit will be a bust, in which the genuinely deep issues between the two sides go unresolved given just nine weeks to overcome them. A face-saving communique could be released in which each side gives up something small, but no grand bargain would emerge.

But even that is a victory for the North, because a meeting of its leader and the US president on equal terms is a huge propaganda coup, something the North has sought for decades. That Trump has already given this carrot of US prestige away for nothing suggests just how woefully unprepared he is for this. North Korea doves keep saving we should the talks a chance, but consider how unlike any other summit this is so far, and it is only a week since it was announced:

No consultation with relevant stakeholders was done. Trump just decided to do this at the drop of a hat. Even his staff did not know. South Korean conservatives will be apoplectic if Trump trades away US forces in Korea for a weak-tea denuclearization deal the North might renege on. US hawks in Congress and the DC think-tank community would fight back too. Trump is hugely unpopular in South Korea; if a deal looks like it threatens South Korean security out of Trump’s reckless insouciance, desire to put tariffs on South Korea, or to provoke Seoul to pay the US more in the special measures agreement this year, it could well provoke an existential crisis in the alliance.

Trump lacks the staff for this. Not only does Trump only have nine weeks to put this all together, he is woefully under-staffed for it. Astonishingly, he fired Secretary of State Rex Tillerson just after he agreed to this momentous meeting. The national security advisor and chief of staff look to be on their way out. The State Department has been decimated by Trump and Tillerson. There is no US ambassador to South Korea, no Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, no point person on Korea in the White House or State Department. So few Korean experts are at the State Department that Secretary Tillerson mispronounced Kim Jong Un’s name – ‘Kim Yong Oon’ – for fourteen months without being corrected. When the South Korean foreign minister came to Washington this week, she met Ivanka Trump regarding North Korea. This is almost surreal.

The North Koreans have still not accepted the offer, nor even said that an offer was made. It increasingly looks like the South Korean officials who met Trump overhyped Kim’s words to them. Again, it is all moving much too fast.

Trump decided to accept this momentous summit offer after just forty-five minutes with no staff consultation. This is classic, impulsive Trump, and is a recipe for disaster in a tough negotiating environment. It displays his obvious disdain for expertise. Indeed, accepting this offer and pushing through his tariffs look more like Trump declaring independence from his establishmentarian staff rather than any real concern for these policy areas.

That in turn brings up that no one can say with any confidence that Trump is not doing this for all the wrong reasons, which in turn could encourage him to make bad decisions at the meetings. Trump is under investigation, bedeviled by scandal, likely faces an impeachment investigation if the Democrats do well in this fall’s midterm election, and loves TV coverage and attention. A grand-bargain deal with North Korea to be marketed as a ‘win’ at home might change the subject from Stormy Daniels and all the rest. To get to that, who knows what he might put on the table?

In brief, the summit should be delayed until the US side has done a lot more work, or cancelled, because an outcome good for the US is quite unlikely. If it goes badly, it could set could set us on the road to war as Trump concludes diplomacy has failed and hawks around him like Mike Pompeo and John Bolton concur. If it stalemates (the mostly likely outcome), it is still a propaganda win for the North because of the optics of Trump meeting Kim as equals. The only way the summit benefits the US is if Trump pulls off a grand bargain. Little in Trump’s character, staffing troubles, or the highly compacted nine-week timeframe suggests this is a likely outcome. It is all just too risky. The best move is just to cancel it.

Robert E Kelly
Assistant Professor
Department of Political Science & Diplomacy
Pusan National University




Learn Korean Ep. 100: ~하고 있다 vs. ~해 있다 (Verb States)

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I can't believe there have been 100 "Learn Korean" episodes! It's time to celebrate! Let's make a cake or something. This is a really big event, and I should celebrate it together with Keykat.

This week's lesson will contrast the two forms ~하고 있다 and ~해 있다. We've previously learned about the ~하고 있다 form (also called the Progressive Tense), but it looks a bit similar to the ~해 있다 form. When is one used and when is the other used? What are their differences? We'll talk about all of this and more in this episode.

Remember that there are free extended PDFs available for every "Learn Korean" episode (at the bottom of this post), and each contains additional information or examples not covered in the video. You can move through them at your own pace, print them out and use them as a free workbook, or skim them for a quick review before or after watching a lesson.

Check out the episode here!

Click here to download a free PDF of this lesson!

The post Learn Korean Ep. 100: ~하고 있다 vs. ~해 있다 (Verb States) appeared first on Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean.

 Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean





SOS Game | Speaking Review for ESL Students | ESL Game

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SOS game: review for ESL Classes

SOS Game: Review Just about Anything

I like to play the SOS game as a way to review whatever we studied in the previous class. I use it as a quick warm-up at the beginning of a class. It’s fun, interesting, and fast moving, so it’s the perfect way to begin your English class.

For example, maybe the grammar point is countable/uncountable nouns and all the technical details surrounding it. It can get quite complicated, so it’s something I’d for sure want to review before moving on with new material. This SOS game is a great way to do that!

Did you Play the SOS Game as a Kid?

I’m sure you know the game S-O-S from when you were a kid. You get a point if you get the sequence S-O-S in a row. I’ve adapted this game to use as an ESL speaking game, with a bit of a twist.

How to Set up SOS

Draw a grid on the board, maybe 6×6. Give the grid numbers and letters to make it easier for the students to pick what box they want.

Then, divide the students up into teams of 4 or 5 and give them each a symbol (triangle, square, star, heart, etc).

Then, ask review questions, going from team to team. Simple, easy questions with a definite right or wrong answer are best to keep this game moving quickly.

Give teams a time limit to come up with the right answer or it can get boring because there is too much time in between team turns. I will usually give them 10 seconds, and count down quietly using my voice, as well the fingers on my hands.

A correct answer gets that team a square on the board, which will you mark with their symbol (triangle for example). You can do 6 or 7 rounds, and by this time the good teams will have 2 or 3 points. The top team gets a prize of some kind.

For the real SOS game, if you get a point, you take another turn. I don’t use this rule, and each team gets only one turn for each round.

How Long to Play the SOS Game?

As a final note: this game gets boring after 20 minutes or so, so don’t plan on playing this for an entire class. I keep things moving quickly and the game is most often over in about 8-10 minutes. It works best as a warm-up review kind of game for the start of class.

You can also teach the students how to play themselves and get them going on it in small groups of 3-5. You can give them a list of review questions to ask each other.

If there’s any dispute about a right or wrong answer, let students know that you’ll serve at the judge.

SOS Game: Example Questions

These questions for the SOS Game are from the textbook, Top Notch 1, Unit 5.

What’s his name?

What’s her occupation?

How old is he?

How old are they?

What’s their occupation?

What’s your nationality?

A job where you know lots of languages

Job where you use the computer to design things

A job where you use a camera

You work in a restaurant

Selling something job

You give people snacks and drinks on an airplane

Flying an airplane job

You are very good at drawing

Look at Page 21 in your textbook.  Direction questions (teacher makes on the spot, 1 for each team in the round).

Sister’s daughter to me

Father’s sister

mother’s brother

Brother’s wife

Brother’s son

Sister’s husband

My father’s sister’s children

Do you Love this ESL Speaking Game?

101 ESL Activities: For Teenagers and Adults
List Price: $16.99
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Price Disclaimer

Then you’re going to love this book, 101 ESL Activities: For Kids (6-13).

There are more than a hundred ESL games and activities for kids at your fingertips. Plan your English classes easily and quickly with these top-quality activities. Stop wasting your time searching around on the Internet to find something to do in class!

The activities and games are well-organized into various sections: speaking, listening, 4-skills, etc. Keep your engaged, happy, and enjoying English by mixing in some variety into your classes.

You can get the book in both print and digital formats. The (cheaper!) digital one can be read on any device by downloading the free Kindle reading app.

You can check out 101 ESL Activities for Kids over on Amazon:


SOS Game: Have your Say!

What do you think about the SOS game for ESL Students? Leave a comment below and share your thoughts with us.

The post SOS Game | Speaking Review for ESL Students | ESL Game appeared first on ESL Speaking.

Jackie Bolen: How to Get a University Job In Korea


My Life! Teaching in a Korean University

University Jobs



Living Abroad & Coming Home: Coy Canada, Please Take Me Seriously

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Zapangi Dessert Cafe Tin and Bottle Mangwonderful Mangwon Hongdae Seoul Korea Toronto Seoulcialite

Living Abroad and Returning Home: Oh, Canada!

I’m back in Canada.  After a year in Busan, 2 in Seoul, a questionable first week in Bali, blissful 2nd week in Gili Trawangan, and a lengthy journey back home chock-full of nasi goreng, kimchi, and caesars, I’m back, Beaches.  To be clear, I’m not quite back in Toronto, yet.  Those beaches I referenced in a 6ix-centric pun were not, in fact, on the boardwalk of my hometown, but actually way East.  I’m in a little town called Port Hope, and there doesn’t seem to be an escape in sight.  One might say I’m still technically “living abroad”.

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Reverse Culture Shock from Living Abroad

Everyone’s been asking me how the reverse culture shock has been.  Well, it’s been like coming home after a vacation (which, hello – Bali, I did!) I mean, it’s crap not having access to public transportation, but beyond that I don’t really feel that much of a difference.  Canada and Korea aren’t massively different.  Off the top of my head, Canada has better snacks, healthier options at Starbucks, and horrible drugstore skincare products (in my opinion).  The only real adjustment has been to tax & grat being added.  I’m happy to pay the tax and grat, but could do without the surprise!

I no longer start my workday banding with the other teachers on my floor, forcing one another to smile and say positive affirmations before our ogre of a boss arrives to derail our classes.  I have gone to the gym and to community events with my parents.  Sleep has been most important while “funemployed”.  The rest of my time has been spent editing photos from my trip to Kota Kinabalu where I partnered with the Shangri-La Rasa Ria Resort and the Sabah Tourism Board.  I’ve got work to catch up on, a cough to get over, and a schedule to resume.  I also have distractions everywhere.

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My “Influence” Living Abroad vs. At Home

To be fair, I’ve only been “home” for a week.  It’s been awesome to see my parents and go about their daily lives when I haven’t been impacted by a chest/ ear infection I picked up in Bali or the jet lag I thought I’d be able to avoid with 30 hours in transit from Denpasar through Incheon to Pearson.

Adjusting to life back home didn’t appear to be so challenging from afar.  I started applying for jobs 2 months before my Korean contract was up, and I’ve been applying aggressively since coming back home.  Keeping busy building two brands abroad has been great when submitting to influencer marketing agencies, but tough to get bites from actual full-time jobs with salaries and benefits.  Do these people genuinely think living abroad means a 3-year working (read: babysitting) vacation?

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Living Abroad vs. At Home: Job Hunting

Job hunting in Korea was simple because there weren’t any many options as an E2 visa holder.  Our teaching options are limited to EPIK or hagwon, and Kindergarten, Elementary School (usually at a hagwon you’d teach both the former), middle school, or adults.  The age group of your pupils dictated your schedule, and that was that.  If you have a degree from an English-speaking country, a resume with your name and contact information listed, and a half-decent (but definitely foreign-looking) face, badda-bing, badda-boom you were employed.  It’s not necessarily fair, and I know plenty of native English teachers who are a disservice to their students, but that’s the way the cookie crumbles in Korea.

Now, I’m applying to jobs in Marketing, which is an eco-system unto itself.  I’m open to Event Planning, although I’m not 100% sure I want to go back to the hospitality side in the same way.  I did Influencer Relations in Korea and Public Relations at my 3 previous Toronto jobs, which means I’m all client side/ in house and have no agency experience (= slim to nil job prospects).  I’d love to sink my teeth into Content Production and Copy Writing, but all my experience is from newspapers, magazines, blogs, YouTube, and digital media in Korea.

Instagram Photo

Permanently Living Abroad? Never in the cards.

I don’t want to continue teaching English as a Second Language.  I’d love to continue teaching, training, or coaching high school or university students.  I’d love to train sales, marketing, and client service professionals, too.  ESL in Korean hagwons (private academies) is not for me.  If it was something I thought I’d continue to enjoy long-term, I would have stayed in Korea where the cost of living is significantly lower!

Instagram Photo

Living Abroad vs. At Home: Perceptions and Instrospectives

A successful and professional friend sent me a job post today.  It was for an online English teaching position starting at $16/ hr part time.  That’s a great way to supplement income while abroad, but there’s no way you can live in Toronto making that.  Also, I was director level before leaving Toronto.  I had a career.  I worked my ass off.  I don’t know if there’s been a moment in my adult life when I felt less capable or believed in by my friends.

Was it unsafe to assume their perception of me was different to that of recruiters?  Did I just imagine they thought of me as an outgoing, motivated, polished, and accomplished young professional?  She then followed up with “you might have to settle for entry-level”.  I was no longer just insulted, I was hurt.  Is this what my friends think of me?  Have I become the stereotype of an LBH (Loser-Back-Home) in the precisely 7 days I’ve been back in Canada?

Image result for you is important gif

Support After Living Abroad

As a teacher, it was my job to pump up self-sabotaging students with self-esteem issues.  The kid who cried  every day for the first two weeks because his reading, writing, and speaking abilities were limited won a speech contest he wrote by himself and delivered in a huge hall at the end of the year.  Another who refused to pick up a pencil out of sheer laziness brought home a thick, colourful field guide full of research and writing on dinosaurs by Christmas.  My entire class of 6 year olds was writing informational and argumentative essays by the end of last year.

Why is it that I can motivate and engage little ones to see their skills and value, but can’t seem to jump up and down enough to get anyone else’s attention?  I’m used to pointing out the path to kids who have lost their way.  Now, I can’t seem to see the trees for the forest.

Instagram Photo

Have you returned home “funemployed” and without your own place to live after living abroad?  How did you adjust to your lack of schedule (and lack of importance)?  How did you find your first job and did you need to take a big step back professionally?  

Leave me a note in the comments!

The post Living Abroad & Coming Home: Coy Canada, Please Take Me Seriously appeared first on The Toronto Seoulcialite.

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Yeongamsa Temple – 영암사 (Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do)

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The main hall and the three tier pagoda at Yeongamsa Temple in Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do.

Hello Again Everyone!!

Located southwest of the towering Mt. Togoksan (855m) is Yeongamsa Temple in Yangsan, Gyeongsangnam-do. In fact, if you look towards Togoksan, you’ll be able to see the abandoned Bokcheonjeongsa Temple from Yeongamsa Temple.

You’ll first approach Yeongamsa Temple down one of the worst roads I’ve ever driven on while visiting a temple in Korea. After finally traversing the pothole filled country road, you’ll be greeted by the Cheonwangmun Gate. You’ll be greeted by this gate and a very friendly Jindo dog. Painted on the doors are two intimidating guardians. With the doors wide open, the painted Heavenly Kings take up residence behind the large wooden entry doors.

Entering the temple’s lower courtyard, you’ll notice the monks’ residence to the right and the kitchen and visitor’s centre to the left. There is a stream that divides the two sides up the centre. It’s up the embankment that you’ll enter the upper courtyard. It’s the upper courtyard that houses all of the shrine halls at the temple.

Sitting in the centre of the upper courtyard is the main hall at Yeongamsa Temple. Adorning the exterior walls to the main hall are two different types of mural sets. The lower set, which are masterful in composition, are the Shimu-do (Ox-Herding) murals. The upper set is the Palsang-do murals. Housed inside the main hall is a triad of statues that rest on the main altar. These jade-looking statues that are green in hue are centred by Amita-bul (The Buddha of the Western Paradise). This statue is joined on either side by Daesaeji-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Power and Wisdom for Amita-bul) and Gwanseum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion). This triad is surrounded on the main altar by row upon row of smaller sized green Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha) statues. To the left of the main altar is an altar dedicated to Jijang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Afterlife). And this bodhisattva is backed by a dark Gamno-do painting. To the right of the main altar is the guardian mural.

To the left of the main hall is a biseok, while out in front is a three tier stone pagoda. To the right rear of the main hall is a glass shrine hall dedicated to Yongwang (The Dragon King). Out in front of the Yongwang-dang is a stagnant pond with, miraculously, Koi fish inside. Stepping inside the Yongwang-dang, you’ll be greeted by another green statue; this time, of Yongwang.

Over the ridge, and to the rear of the main hall, in a plum tree orchard, is the Samseong-gak. The plainness of the shaman shrine hall is elevated by the natural beauty of the flowering plum trees during the spring months. The Chilseong (The Seven Stars) mural is traditional in composition, while the blood-red eyes of Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit) and the atypical appearance of Dokseong (The Lonely Saint) standout. To the far right of the Samseong-gak, and over the bisecting stream, is another stone pagoda. This pagoda is seven tiers in height.

HOW TO GET THERE: The easiest, and perhaps only way, to get to Yeongamsa Temple is by taxi. You can get a taxi from Jeungsan subway station, #240, in Yangsan. The taxi ride should last about 30 minutes and cost 15,000 won one way.

OVERALL RATING: 5/10. While a bit treacherous to get to, Yeongamsa Temple is surrounded on all sides by the beauty of nature. As for the temple itself, the main highlights are the interior of the main hall with its jade-like looking ceramic statues, as well as the eerily dark Gamno-do painting.

The Cheonwangmun Gate at Yeongamsa Temple.

The stream that bisects the temple grounds.

The friendly Jindo dog that might just accompany you around the temple grounds.

The main hall at Yeongamsa Temple.

The biseok to the left of the main hall.

One of the murals from the Palsang-do set that adorns the exterior walls to the main hall.

As well as one of the masterful Shimu-do murals that also adorns the main hall at Yeongamsa Temple.

The unique main altar inside the main hall.

The Jijang-bosal altar inside the main hall with the Gamno-do mural backing the green bodhisattva.

The guardian mural to the right of the main altar.

The view from the Yongwang-dang towards the main hall.

The glassy exterior to the Yongwang-dang.

The hulk-like looking Yongwang (The Dragon King) inside the Yongwang-dang.

The plum tree orchard that fronts the Samseong-gak shaman shrine hall.

A closer look at the boxy Samseong-gak.

Some of the beautiful nature that surrounds Yeongamsa Temple.

Unfortunately, the Sanshin mural was placed in a glass frame. But his red eyes are still pretty menacing.

It’s not everyday that you get to see Dokseong with such a unique hairstyle.

And the seven tier pagoda through some of the plum trees.

How To Say ‘Bag’ In Korean

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You’re about to head out the door, and you’ve got your clothes and shoes on, but what’s missing? Where will you keep your phone, wallet, and other things you need while you’re out? A bag of course!


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‘Bag’ in Korean

Fashionable Girls With Bags Handbags On Red Couch

So how to say ‘bag’ in Korean? Well, it depends on the kind of bag you’re talking about! The word for the type of bag you would have outside and have your keys, wallet, and other things in, is called 가방 (gabang).

However, when you’re referring to a bag like a shopping bag or trash bag, the word you’d want to use is either 봉투 (bongthu) or 봉지 (bongji). Additionally, if you are talking about a bag of snacks or candy, you should say X 한 봉지 (han bongji), with the X indicating whether it’s snacks, candies, etc.

There are also verbs that are convenient to attach to the word ‘bag’. If you want to say you are opening the bag, you’ll want to attach it to the verb stem 뜯다 (ddeudda). If you’re saying you’re putting something in the bag, the verb stem to use is 담다 (damda) for 봉투 and 봉지, but 넣다 (neodda) for 가방. If you want to express that you are carrying the bag, the correct verb stem is 들다 (deulda), or 어깨에 메다 (eoggaee meda) if you want to especially express you are carrying it on your shoulder.  


Related Vocabulary

쓰레기 봉투 (sseuregi bongthu)/쓰레기 봉지 (sseuregi bongji) – trash bag

비닐 봉지 (binil bongji)/비닐 봉투 (binil bongthu) – plastic bag

종이 봉지 (jongi bongji)/종이 봉투 (jongi bongthu) – paper bag


A word of caution about Romanization

While it is possible for you to study the words in this article simply by reading their romanized versions, it will come in handy for you to be able to read Hangeul if you ever wish to come to Korea. Hangeul is the Korean alphabet, and not difficult to learn. In fact, you can learn it in just 90 minutes.

After you’ve familiarized yourself with Hangeul, life in Korea will suddenly seem so much easier and the country won’t appear so foreign for you. So, if you’re serious about learning Korean, why not learn Hangeul today?


Sample Sentences

Girl In Shopping Mall With Bags


봉투를 필요하세요? (bongthureul phiryohaseyo?)

Do you need a bag?


종이봉투에나 비닐봉투에 넣어드릴까요? (jongibongthuena binilbongthue neoheodeurilggayo?)

Do you want a paper bag or plastic?


봉지에 넣어 주십시오. (bongjie neoheo jushibshio.)

Please put it in the bag for me.



그 사람이 가방에서 사과를 꺼냈어요. (geu sarami gabangeseo sagwareul ggeonaesseoyo.)

That person took an apple out of the bag.



어떤 가방을 원해? (eoddeon gabangeul sago shipeo?)

What kind of a bag do you want?


So now that you have this Korean word ‘in the bag’ what words would you like to learn from us next? Let us know in the comments below! Maybe the word you want will be the next one we ‘bag up’. (Ok, that’s enough…)


*Want more Korean phrases? Go to our Korean Phrases Page for a complete list!


Photo Credit: BigStockPhoto


The post How To Say ‘Bag’ In Korean appeared first on 90 Day Korean.

How To Say ‘Apple’ In Korean

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You’re probably accustomed to eating them on a daily basis, but do you already know how to list all your favorite fruits in Korean? What banana is in Korean? How about pineapple?

In this lesson, we will go over how to say ‘apple’ in Korean. After all, it is highly likely to be one of your staple fruits to eat. You may also want to let us know which other fruits you wish to learn next!


*Ready to learn Korean yet? Click here to learn about our 90 Day Korean learning program!


‘Apple’ in Korean

Many Red Apples

So, how to say ‘apple’ in Korean, you ask? The word for it is 사과 (sagwa). This is the same word that means ‘apology’ so stay cautious not to confuse the two. Otherwise it’s an easy word to remember and to learn to pronounce. You’ll also be understood if you use the Konglish word 애플 (aepheul), but it is always better to impress your opponents with real Korean words.


Related Vocabulary

사과나무 (sagwanamu) – an apple tree

신 사과 (shin sagwa) – a sour apple

애플파이 (aepheulphai) – apple pie

사과즙주스 (sagwajeub)  – apple juice


A word of caution about Romanization

While it is possible for you to study the words in this article simply by reading their romanized versions, it will come in handy for you to be able to read Hangeul if you ever wish to come to Korea. Hangeul is the Korean alphabet, and not difficult to learn. In fact, you can learn it in just 90 minutes.

After you’ve familiarized yourself with Hangeul, life in Korea will suddenly seem so much easier and the country won’t appear so foreign for you. So, if you’re serious about learning Korean, why not learn Hangeul today?


Sample Sentences


사과 좀 드실래요? (sagwa jom deushillaeyo?)

Would you like some apple?



제가 제일 좋아하는 과일은 사과예요. (jega jeil johahaneun gwaireun sagwayeyo.)

The fruit I like the most are apples.


내년에 사과나무를 심겠어요. (naenyeone sagwanamureul shimgesseoyo.)

I’ll plant an apple tree next year.



우리 집 주변에 많은 사과나무가 있어. (uri jib jubyeone manheun sagwanamuga isseo.)

There are many apple trees near our house.


이 사과는 너무 세금해. (i sagwaneun neomu segeumhae.)

This apple is too sour.


우리 가족은 오늘 정원에 사과나무를 심으러 갈게. (uri gajokeun oneul jeongweone sagwanamureul shimeureo galke.)

Our family will go plant an apple tree in the garden today.


언니는 후식으로 애플파이와 커피를 만들어 줬어. (eonnineun hushikeuro aepheulphaiwa kheophireul mandeureo jweosseo.)

My big sister made us apple pie and coffee for dessert.


And now you know how to say ‘apple’ in Korean! What is the next fruit on your list of vocabulary that you wish to learn?


*Want more Korean phrases? Go to our Korean Phrases Page for a complete list!


Photo Credit: BigStockPhoto


The post How To Say ‘Apple’ In Korean appeared first on 90 Day Korean.

Camera Giveaway Update! We’ve Added More Prizes

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BIG Camera Giveaway: Win a Sony a6000!

Did enter the giveaway already? If you haven’t Enter our giveaway now! It ends on March 31st!! You’ll get a chance to win a brand new Sony a6000 digital camera with lens. Recently we’ve added in a huge new prize too. Can you guess what it is?

You can win a 1-year subscription to the Adobe Creative Cloud Photography Plan (includes Photoshop & Lightroom)!! and a 1-to-1 photo coaching session! This is all in addition to the camera and our awesome preset bundle!

First, let’s take a look at the prizes again in more detail. Then I’ll explain how you can increase your chances of winning, as well as more details about the contest and sponsors.

Win a Sony a6000 Camera + Lens

Whenever anyone asks me what the best camera is for under $700 USD, I always suggest this little beast. I am a canon shooter myself but this is one camera that I would recommend over and over again for the beginner photographer.

Even though it’s not the latest model, it still has everything you need. In 2016 it was reported to be one of the best selling interchangeable lens cameras of all time.

Win a 1-Year Subscription to Adobe Creative Cloud Photography Plan (Photoshop & Lightroom)


Gain access to the latest version of Lightroom AND Photoshop, plus mobile apps and portfolio. Even if you already have a membership, you can apply the coupon to your next year’s payment.

In addition, we’ll include my Lightroom Basics video course for free. That’s a total prize value of over $170.

Win 1 Hour of One-to-One Photography Coaching

Win a one-to-one online photography coaching session tailored to your needs.

Four winners will be to chosen for a Skype coaching session with one of the sponsors. Topics of the session include but are not limited to: photo critique, landscape, cityscape, Lightroom, Photoshop, portraiture, storytelling, and more.

Win a Bundle of 70 Creative Lightroom Presets

Get our awesome pack of Lightroom presets that will give your photos a creative look with just one click. The presets work great on travel photos, portraits, landscape photos and more.

How To Win The Giveaway

All you have to do is click here to enter.

Once you’ve entered, you’ll get a unique link you can use to share with your friends.

You can gain entries by sharing the contest, and you’ll get even more entries each time someone signs up through your unique link.

How the Winners Will Be Chosen

For the camera, we will draw 1 winner at random.

Then we will draw the 5 winners at random from the people who have 3 or more referral signups. So all you have to do is get 3 people to sign up in order to be eligible for the other prizes.

Finally, if you get three people to sign up you’ll also automatically get the Lightroom Preset bundle.

About The Giveaway Sponsors

The sponsors are made of photographers and/or photography websites: Justin Balog of The Photo FrontierBrent Mail of Share Inspire CreateMitch Aunger of planet5DPete DeMarco, and myself Jason Teale.

By joining the giveaway you’ll be added to the email lists of each of the sponsors. Of course you can always unsubscribe at any time should you feel our newsletters are not a match for you. However, I think you’ll find each person’s advice helpful in your journey as a photographer. I would not have teamed up with them otherwise.

The full list of terms and conditions is stated at the bottom of the entry page.

This Is Your Chance

The contest ends March 31, 2018 at 9pm Central Time (US). The earlier you start sharing the better chance you have to win.

Enter Now and BEST of Luck!!

The post Camera Giveaway Update! We’ve Added More Prizes appeared first on The Sajin.

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