What's Required To Teach English In China?
What are the requirements to teach English in China? Well, China is a big country and some of its rules can fluctuate from city to city, province to province and school to school.
The requirements are not very clear cut and they can be conditional depending on the visa type, your qualifications and location within China.
The legal visa or rather the official visa for teaching English in China is the Z visa which we will talk about first. The other visa that is commonly used, but not officially for teaching English is the F (business) visa.
We'll talk about that one later.
The places with the strictest requirements are usually the tier 1 cities: Shanghai, Beijing, Shenzen and Guangzhou.
This is what you "generally" need for a Z visa (foreign expert certificate) to teach in China
- You need to be a native English speaker from the USA, England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand or Canada.
- You need to have a bachelor's degree in any discipline notarized.
- You often need TEFL certification notarized (see below for more).
- Criminal background check.
- Clean health check.
- 25-55 years old.
- Have 2 years post grad work experience (see below for more).
But, those are not set in stone everywhere
For example, if you have a degree from an English speaking country then you may be able to get a Z visa if you are not a native speaker (more on that later).
And here's a comment about the "rules" in China that pretty much sums it up from my point of view.
"Like most rules in China they aren't always enforced. Anecdotally it's been mentioned around as two years post graduation but finding anything concrete is gonna be tough. Every province handles their visas differently.
I've seen the two year rule only referenced in Shanghai. I'd contact some recruiters and see what they say. There is always a way to teach here if you want." - cheine on Reddit
Work experience, TEFL certificates... what does the Chinese government say?
Here is a quote from a Chinese government site in regards to visas for teachers and the 2 years of experience which seems to vary from school to school.
"Teachers of foreign languages. Teachers of foreign languages generally shall be engaged in the teaching of their native languages and shall have a bachelor’s degree or higher degree and language teaching experience of at least two years.
Those who have had degrees in the field of education, language or teaching, or have acquired a qualification certificate of teaching at their own countries or a recognized international certificate of language teaching (TEFL certificate) shall be exempted from the restriction on work experience." - Source
Can you teach English in China if you are not a native English speaker?
For more on that you can skip to 2:22 in the following video.
Yes, I have met many. Some may have been on an F visa though.
I have also met non-native English speaking Europeans who got legal Z visas to teach in public schools in China online through my course.
So different schools can have different requirements.
Are there any risks associated with teaching on an F visa?
I am sure there are risks, but I have not heard of a single first hand account of this. Based on my experience and what I know it definitely isn't as risky as some people may lead you to believe.
Take for example the subreddit r/tefl.
The moderators that run that subreddit will ban anyone for even mentioning anything related to teaching without a degree or teaching in China on anything but a Z visa.
Those folks are very high in the Big 5 trait called conscientiousness...
But the reality is...
I met lots of teachers in Shanghai (a tier 1 city) who were not native speakers or who didn't have a degree.
Here is a video where a French man who taught in China that suggests that maybe 50% of the teachers there are on F visas.
I'd guess you could be asked to leave if you are teaching illegally, possibly have to pay a fine, and/or not be allowed back in for a number of months or years.
Don't believe all the talk by one anonymous blogger out there that uses scare tactics to blog about "scams in China" under different user names (all anonymous). If you read something about teachers being jailed for teaching without a Z visa that was probably him.
Check your sources...
And if you can't identify who said it then only take it as a grain of salt.
I also met quite a few people teaching English in China without a degree on an F visa. So if you have the will there is often a way, but some people are saying the rules have changed and maybe they have somewhat, but not that much.
Compared to a place like Japan, China is not a very rule abiding place either and you can see that in the video on this page about teaching English in China with folks swimming in the park right in front of the no swimming sign.
Welcome to China.
The culture is different. Like I already mentioned, people in China are not as rule abiding as they are in a place like the USA or Japan. Another way to get a legal Z visa teaching in China is if your employer has good connections to someone who works in the local government office.
Those connections are called guangxi and they can grease the wheels.