Shin Chaeho (申采浩, 신채호, 1880-1936) was a Korean independence activist and a very controversial but influential historian. He was of the Goryeong Shin Clan (高靈申氏, 고령신씨); his pen name (號, 호) was Danjae (丹齋, 단재). In 1897, he entered to study Sungkyunkwan (成均館, 성균관). In 1905, he graduated with a doctorate from Sungkyunkwan was appointed as a teacher that year, but resigned in protest of the Japanese Protectorate Treaty of 1905 (乙巳條約, 을사조약). He joined the editorial boards of the Capital Gazette (皇城新聞, 황성신문, Hwangseong Shinmun) and the Korean Daily Newspaper (大韓每日申報, 대한매일신보, Daehan Maeil Shinbo) to further the cause of the Patriotic Enlightenment Movement (愛國啓夢運動, 애국계몽운동).